St Paul’s Island

St Paul’s Island ( Maltese : Il-Gżejjer ta ‘San Pawl ), Also Known As Selmunett , is a small island off Selmun near the north-east of the main island of Malta . St Paul’s Island is sometimes divided into two islands by a shallow isthmus, and it is considered as part of St Paul’s Islands . St Paul’s Island has been uninhabited since World War II, and it is the second largest uninhabited island of Malta, having an area of ​​0.1 square kilometers (0.04 square miles). [1]

History

The Acts of the Apostles tell the story of how Paul the Apostle Was shipwrecked on an island qui Some scholars-have APPROBATION as Malta while it His Way to Rome to face loads. Traditionally, St. Paul’s Bay and St Paul’s Island are identified as the location for this shipwreck. [2] [3]

Until 1575 the islands were named after the Salomone family, who owned a nearby land in Mellieha also called Selmun; The Islands are named after Isola Salomone and Isola Salomonetto and the Maltese as Selmun and Selmunett . On other maps the islands Were Referred to as Selmun’s Islands and The Scroll of Selmun . In 1576, Marco di Maria was being chased by Barbary corsairs off the coast of Malta. He navigated his vessel through the narrow channel between St Paul’s Island and Malta, but when the pirates followed him aground and were captured. As a result of this, the GrandmasterJean de la Cassière gave St Paul’s Islands to Maria and the islands started to be called Tal-Barba Marku . [4] [5]

After the death of Marco, as the Grand Master, the island passed to his family. It first went to his son Giovanni and later to the Nephew of Marco who was the son of Giavanni, who was named Narduccio of Maria. Narduccio lost his life in a battle against the Ottomans. The island was then transferred to the religion, as the Order’s possession. Sometime after 1649 a Grand Master Giovanni Paolo Lascaris . The tower was part of a contract, for the exchange of the island with the Casa della Giornata (now the site of the Royal Opera House ) in Vallettathat belonged to Michel de Torellas, the Prior of Catalonia. [6]

In 1844 prominent statue of St. Paul was erected on the island. It was sculpted by Segismondo Dimech from Valletta and Salvatore Dimech from Lija . The statue was officially inaugurated and blessed on 21 September 1845. [7] It was restored by Din l-Art Ħelwa a number of times, first in 1996, then in 2007, [8] in 2014, [9] and 2015. [ 10]

Until the 1930s, a farmer called Vincenzo Borg, nicknamed Ta ‘Bajdafin , lived on the island [11] in the tower built by Grandmaster Lascaris. [12] He converted and used it as a farmhouse. Borg abandoned the dwelling, and the fields on the island, just before World War II started. The tower was a three-chambered structure with a heavy buttressed wall at its lower level. It was built similar to other Lascaris towers . Since it was abandoned, the upper room has collapsed and the structure is now in ruins. [13]

Pope John Paul II visited the island during his visit to Malta in 1990. [14] [15] In the same year, a statue named Kristu tal-Baħħara was sunk near St. Paul’s Island. After 10 years, the statue was moved from St. Paul’s Bay to Qawra because of deteriorating visibility in the water and a decline in various visiting the site. [16] [17]

Geography

St. Paul’s Islands binds about 80 meters off the coast of Mellieha , Malta. The island can split into two islands by a shallow isthmus selon the sea level, and When They are split the larger island on the west is Known As Saint Paul’s Island while the smaller one is on the east Known As Quartz Island . Both islands are made of upper coralline limestone. quote needed ]

Saint Paul’s Island is a maritime land dominated by Golden Samphire , Maltese fleabane and other species. Quartz Island is more exposed and has less vegetation than the main island. [18]

A population of the land snail Trochoidea spratti can be found on the islands. Wild rabbits used to live on the island. [19] A subspecies of the Maltese wall lizard known as Podkaris filfolensis kieselbachi also came to life in 2005. Citation needed ]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:b State of the Environment Report for Malta 1998Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine .
  2. Jump up^ “St. Paul in Malta” . Visit Malta . Retrieved 26 August2014 .
  3. Jump up^ p. 198-200.
  4. Jump up^ Camilleri, Alex. “He-Mellieha u Madwara”Archived2016-04-17 at theWayback Machine.. It-Topografija ta ‘Malta. Melitensia. p. 175.
  5. Jump up^ “Your Pocket Guide to Mellieha”. Places of Interest. Nature. p. 6-11. St. Paul’s Islands. p. 8.
  6. Jump up^ Denaro, Victor F. (1959). Houses in Kingsway and Old Bakery Street, Valletta Archived2015-11-17 at theWayback Machine.. Melita historica. Journal of the Malta Historical Society. 2 (4). p. 202.
  7. Jump up^ “Your Pocket Guide to Mellieha”. Places of Interest. Nature. p. 6-11. St. Paul’s Islands. p. 8.
  8. Jump up^ “St. Paul’s Statue, St Paul’s Island” . Din l-Art Ħelwa . Retrieved 26 August 2014 .
  9. Jump up^ “St Paul statue to be restored again” . Times of Malta . August 18, 2014 . Retrieved 26 August 2014 .
  10. Jump up^ “St Paul’s statue under repair after new weather damage”. Times of Malta . May 30, 2015 . Retrieved 30 May 2015 .
  11. Jump up^ Said, Edward (17 September 2012). “Ancient farmhouse collapsing” . Times of Malta . Retrieved 26 August 2014 .
  12. Jump up^ Denaro, Victor F. (1959). Houses in Kingsway and Old Bakery Street, Valletta Archived2015-11-17 at theWayback Machine.. Melita historica. Journal of the Malta Historical Society. 2 (4). p. 202.
  13. Jump up^ Said, Edward (17 September 2012). “Ancient farmhouse collapsing” . Times of Malta . Retrieved 26 August 2014 .
  14. Jump up^ Muscat, Jimmy. “Mellieha – An Introduction to a Destination for All Seasons” . Mellieha Local Council . Archived fromthe original on 27 August 2014 . Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  15. Jump up^ “Your Pocket Guide to Mellieha”. Places of Interest. Nature. p. 6-11. St. Paul’s Islands. p. 8.
  16. Jump up^ George Cini (18 May 2000). Underwater statue moved to new site. The Times of Malta, p. 5.
  17. Jump up^ Mega dive. Times of Malta. 6 June 2010.
  18. Jump up^ “St. Paul’s Islands (16)” . Malta Environment & Planning Authority . Retrieved 26 August 2014 .
  19. Jump up^ Grech, Gerald. “St. Paul’s Islands” . MaltaBookers.com . Retrieved 26 August 2014 .

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