Rhodes ( Greek : Ρόδος , Ródos [roðos] ) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece in the area of the island group of historical capital. Administratively the island forms a separate municipality dans le Rhodes regional unit , qui est share of the South Aegean Administrative Region . The main town of the island is Rhodes .  The city of Rhodes had 50,636 inhabitants in 2011. It is located northeast of Crete , southeast of Athens and just off the Anatolian coastTurkey . Rhodes’ nickname is The island of the Knights , named after the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem , who ounce conquered the land. 
Historically, Rhodes was famous worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes , one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World . The Medieval Old Town of the City of Rhodes has been declared at World Heritage Site . Today, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe.    
The island is known in all its history. In addition, the island has been called Rodi in Italian , Rodos in Turkish , and Rodi or Rodes in Ladino .
The Travels of Sir John Mandeville incorrectly reports that Rhodes was formally called “Collosus”, through a statement of the Colossus of Rhodes and Paul ‘s Epistle to the Colossians , which refers to Colossae . 
The island’s name may be derived from erod , Phoenician for snake , since the island was infested with snakes in antiquity. 
The island of Rhodes is shaped like a spearhead , 79.7 km (49.5 mi) long and 38 km (24 mi) wide, with a total area of approximately 1,400 square kilometers (541 sq mi) and a coastline of approximately 220 km (137 mi ). Limestone is the main bedrock.  The city of Rhodes is located at the northern tip of the island, and the site of the ancient and modern commercial harbors . The main air gateway ( Diagoras International Airport , IATA code: RHO) is located 14 km (9 mi) to the southwest of the city in Paradisi . The road network radiates from the city along the east and west coasts.
Outside of the city of Rhodes, the island is dotted with small villages and spa resorts, Among Them Faliraki , Lindos , Kremasti , Haraki , Pefkos , Archangelos , Afandou , Ixia , Koskinou , Embona (Attavyros) Paradisi , and Trianta (Ialysos) . There are mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes sea water).
Rhodes is situated 363 km (226 mi) east-south-east from the Greek mainland, and 18 km (11 mi) from the southern shore of Turkey .
The interior of the island is mountainous, sparsely inhabited and covered with pine forests ( Pinus brutia ) and cypress ( Cupressus sempervirens ). The citrus fruit, wine grapes, vegetables, olivesand other crops are grown.
The Rhodian population of fallow was found to be genetically distinct in 2005, and to be of urgent conservation concern.  In Petaloudes Valley (Greek for “Valley of the Butterflies”), large numbers of tiger moths gather during the summer months. Mount Attavyros , at 1,216 meters (3,990 ft), is the island’s highest point of elevation.
Earthquakes include the 226 BC earthquake that destroyed the Colossus of Rhodes ; one on May 3, 1481 which destroyed much of the city of Rhodes;  and one on June 26, 1926. 
On July 15, 2008, Rhodes was struck by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake causing damage to a few old buildings and one death. 
Rhodes has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate ( Csa in the Köppen climate classification ).
|[ hide ]Climate data for Rhodes|
|Record high ° C (° F)||22.0
|Average high ° C (° F)||15.1
|Daily mean ° C (° F)||12.0
|Average low ° C (° F)||8.8
|Record low ° C (° F)||-4.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||149.6
|Average rainy days||15.5||12.7||10.5||7.6||4.6||1.2||0.2||0.1||1.5||6.7||9.5||15.4||85.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||70.1||69.1||68.7||66.5||64.4||58.5||57.6||59.9||61.4||67.5||71.4||72.4||65.62|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||5.0||6.0||7.0||9.0||11.0||13.0||14.0||13.0||11.0||8.0||6.0||5.0||9|
|Percent possible sunshine||50||55||58||69||79||87||100||100||92||73||60||50||72.8|
|Source # 1: Hellinic National Meteorological Service |
|Source # 2: NOAA (Record temperature),  Weather Atlas (sunshine data) |
|Climate data for Rhodes|
|Average sea temperature ° C (° F)||17.9
|Mean daily daylight hours||10.0||11.0||12.0||13.0||14.0||15.0||14.0||13.0||12.0||11.0||10.0||10.0||12.1|
|Average Ultraviolet index||2||3||5||7||8||10||10||9||7||5||3||2||5.9|
|Source: Weather Atlas |
Early and classical antiquity
The island was inhabited in the Neolithic period, with little remains of this culture. In the 16th century BC, the Minoans came to Rhodes. Later Greek mythology has Recalled Rhodian race called Expired the Telchines and associated the island of Rhodes with Danaus ; it was sometimes nicknamed Telchinis .
In the 15th century BC, Mycenaean Greeks invaded. After the Bronze Age collapsed , the first renewed contacts were with Cyprus . 
In the 8th century BC, the island’s settlements started to form, with the coming of the Dorians , who built the three important cities of Lindos, Ialyssos and Kameiros , which together with Kos , Cnidus and Halicarnassus (on the mainland) made up the -called Dorian Hexapolis (Greek for six cities).
In Pindar ‘s ode, the island Was Said to be born of the union of Helios the sun god and the nymph Rhodes , and the cities Were named for Their three sounds. The rhoda is a pink hibiscus native to the island. Diodorus Siculus added Actis , one of the sounds of Helios and Rhode, traveled to Egypt . He built the city of Heliopolis and taught the Egyptians Astrology . 
Homer mentions that Rhodes participated in the Trojan War under the leadership of Tlepolemus . 
In the second half of the 8th century, the sanctuary of Athena received small gifts from the Near East and Bronze Objects from Syria. At Kameiros on the northwest coast, to form Bronze Age site, where the temple was founded in the 8th century, there is another notable contemporary sequence of carved ivory figurines. The cemeteries of Kameiros and Ialyssos yielded several exquisite exemplars of the Orientalizing Rhodian Jewelery, dated in the 7th and early 6th centuries BC.  Phoenician presence on the island at Ialysos is attested in traditions recorded by Rhodian historians. [ quote needed ]
The Persians invaded and overran the island, but they were in turn defeated by forces from Athens in 478 BC. The Rhodian cities joined the Athenian League . When the Peloponnesian Warbroke out in 431 BC, it was still a member of the League. The war lasted until 404 BC, but by this time Rhodes had withdrawn from the conflict and decided to go to her own way. [ quote needed ]
In 408 BC, the united states to one territory . They built the city of Rhodes , a new capital on the northern end of the island. Its regular plan was, according to Strabo , superintended by the Athenian architect Hippodamus .
In 357 BC, the island was conquered by the king Mausolus of Caria , then it fell again to the Persians in 340 BC. Their rule was also short.
Rhodes then became part of the growing empire of Alexander the Great in 332 BC, after he defeated the Persians. [ quote needed ]
Following the death of Alexander, his generals for the control of the kingdom. Three- Ptolemy , Seleucus , and Antigonus -succeeded in dividing the kingdom among themselves. Rhodes FORMED cultural ties and strong trade  with the Ptolemies in Alexandria , and together FORMED the Rhododendron-Egyptian alliance That controlled trade Throughout the Aegean in the 3rd century BC.
The city developed into a maritime, commercial and cultural center; its corners circulated nearly everywhere in the Mediterranean. Its famous schools of philosophy, science, literature and rhetoric shared with Alexandria: the Athenian rhetorician Aeschines , who formed a school at Rhodes; Apollonius of Rhodes ;  The observations and works of the astronomers Hipparchusand Geminus , the rhetorician Dionysius Thrax . Its school of sculptors developed, under Pergamese influence, a rich, dramatic style that can be characterized as ” Hellenistic Baroque “. Agesander of Rhodes, with two other Rhodian sculptors, carved the famous Laocoön group , now in the Vatican Museums , and the large sculptures rediscovered at Sperlonga in the villa of Tiberius , probably in the early Imperial period . 
In 305 BC, Antigonus directed his son, Demetrius , to besiege Rhodes in an attempt to break its alliance with Egypt. Demetrius created huge siege engines , including a 180 ft (55 m) battering ram and a siege tower named Helepolis that weighed 360,000 pounds (163,293 kg). In spite of this commitment, in the aftermath of a single year, it is relaunched and signed a peace agreement, leaving behind a huge store of military equipment. The Rhodians sold the equipment and used the money to erect a statue of their sun god, Helios , the statue of the Colossus of Rhodes . [ quote needed ]
Throughout the 3rd century BC, Rhodes is trying to secure its independence and its trade, especially in the Mediterranean. Both of these goals are dependent on the rule of law, and therefore the Rhodians pursued a policy of maintaining a balance of power among the Antigonids, Seleucids and Ptolemies, even if it means to war with its traditional ally. , Egypt. To this end they are working their economy and their excellent navy, which has been proverbially provoked by the world in the Mediterranean world: “If we have ten Rhodians, we have ten ships.” [ citation needed ] The Rhodians also established their dominance on the shores of Cariaacross their island, which became known as ” Rhodian Peraia “. It is located near the modern city of Muğla (ancient Mobolla ) in the north and Kaunosbordering Lycia in the south, near the present-day Dalyan , Turkey.
Rhode Island, British Columbia, United States. By the end of that period, however, the balance of power was crumbling, as declining Ptolemaic power made Egypt an attractive target for Seleucid ambitions. In 203/2 BC the young and dynamic kings of Antigonid Macedon and Seleucid Asia, Philip V and Antiochus III , agreed to accept-at least their respective military ambitions, Philip’s campaign in the Aegean and western Anatolia and Antiochus’ final solution of the Egyptian question. Head of a coalition of small states, the Rhodians checked Philip’s navy, but not his superior army. The Rhodians appealed in 201 BC to the Roman Republic . [ quote needed ]
Despite being exhausted by the titanic struggle against Hannibal (218-201 BC) the Romans agreed to intervene, having already been stabbed in the back by Philip during the war against Carthage. The Senate saw the appeal of Rhodes and his allies as the opportunity to pressure Philip. The result was the Second Macedonian War (200-196 BC), which ended Macedon’s role as a major player and preserved Rhodian independence. [ citation needed ] Rhodian influence in the Aegean was cemented through the organization of the Cyclades into the Second Nesiotic League under Rhodian leadership.
The Romans Actually withdrew from Greece after the end of the conflict, but the resulting power vacuum immediately drew in Antiochus and subsequently the Romans, who defeated (192-188 BC) the last Mediterranean power that might even vaguely their predominance. Having provided Rome with valuable help in Asia, the Rhodians have been rewarded with territory and enhanced status. [ citation needed ] The Romans once again evacuated the east – the Senate preferred clients to provinces – but it was clear that Rome now ruled the world and Rhodian autonomy was ultimately dependent upon good relations with them. [ quote needed ]
And those good graces are soon evaporated in the wake of the Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC). In 169 BC, during the war against Perseus , Rhodes feels Agepolis as ambassador to the consul Quintus Marcius Philippus , and then to Rome in the following year, hoping to turn the Senate against the war.  Rhodes remained scrupulously neutral during the war, but in the view of hostile elements it was a bit too friendly with the defeated King Perseus. Somewhat proposed declaring war on the island, but this was averted. In 164, Rhodes became a permanent ally of Rome, ending an independence that no longer had any meaning. [ clarification needed ]It was said that the Romans were more arrogant than themselves. [ quote needed ]
After surrendering icts independence Rhodes est devenu a cultural and educational center for Roman noble families and Was Especially Noted for ict teachers of rhetoric, Such As Hermagoras and the unknown author of Rhetorica ad Herennium . At first, the state was an important ally of Rome and enjoyed numerous privileges, but these were later lost in various machinations of Roman politics. Cassius eventually invaded the island and sacked the city. In the early Imperial period Rhodes became a favorite place for political exiles. 
In the 1st century AD, the Emperor Tiberius spent on exile on Rhodes. St. Paul brought Christianity to people on the island.  Rhodes reached her zenith in the 3rd century.
In ancient times there was a Roman saying: ” hic Rhodus, hic salta !” – “Here is Rhodes, jump here”, an admonition to prove oneself by deed rather than talk. It comes from an Aesop’s fable called “The Boastful Athlete” and was quoted by Hegel and Marx .
In 395 with the division of the Roman Empire , the long Byzantine period began for Rhodes. In Late Antiquity , the island was the capital of the Roman province of the Islands , headed by a praeses ( hegemon in Greek), and encompassing most of the Aegean islands , with twenty cities. Correspondingly, the island was also the metropolis of the ecclesiastical province of Cyclades, with eleven suffragan sees. 
Beginning from ca. 600 AD, ict sea in influences from Was Manifested in the of collection maritime laws Known As ” Rhodian Sea Law ” ( Nomos Rhodion Nautikos ) accepted Throughout the Mediterranean and in use Throughout Byzantine times (and influençant the development of admiralty law up to the present). [ citation needed ] In 622/3, during the Byzantine-Sasanian climactic War of 602-628 , Rhodes was captured by the Sasanian navy .   
Rhodes was occupied by the Islamic Umayyad forces of Caliph Muawiyah I in 654, who carried off the remains of the Colossus of Rhodes.   The island was again captured by the Arabs in 673 as part of their first attack on Constantinople . When Was Their fleet destroyed by Greek fire before Constantinople by storms and one return trip ict, HOWEVER, the island Was Evacuated in 679/80 as share of the Byzantine-Umayyad peace treaty.  In 715 the Byzantine fleet issued against the Arabs launched a rebellion at Rhodes, which led to the installation of Theodosius III on the Byzantine throne.  
From the early 8th to the 12th centuries, Rhodes belonged to the Cibyrrhaeot Theme of the Byzantine Empire, and was a center for shipbuilding and trade.  In c. 1090, it was occupied by the forces of the Seljuk Turks , not long after the Battle of Manzikert .  Rhodes was recaptured by the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos during the First Crusade .
As Byzantine central power weakened under the Angeloi Emperors (1185-1204), in the first half of the 13th century, Rhodes became the center of an independent domain under Leo Gabalasand his brother John ,  until it was occupied by the Genoese in 1248-1250. The Genoese were evicted by the Empire of Nicaea , after which the island became a regular province of the Nicaean state (and after 1261 of the Byzantine Empire restored). In 1305, the island was given a fief to Andrea Morisco , a Genoese adventurer who had entered Byzantine service. Purpose, Rhodes was controlled by Menteşe, was one of Anatolian beyliks between 1300 and 1314.
Crusader and Islamic rule
In 1306-1310, the Byzantine era of the island’s history came to an end when the island was occupied by the Knights Hospitaller .  Under the rule of the newly named “Knights of Rhodes”, the city was rebuilt into a model of the European medieval ideal. Many of the city’s famous monuments, including the Palace of the Grand Master , were built during this period.
The strong walls which the knights had built withstood the attacks of the Sultan of Egypt in 1444, and siege by the Ottomans under Mehmed II in 1480. Eventually, however, Rhodes fell to the great army of Suleiman the Magnificent in December 1522. The Sultan deployed 400 ships delivering 100,000 men to the island (200,000 in other sources). Against this force the Knights, under Grand Master Philippe Villiers of L’Isle-Adam , had about 7,000 men-at-arms and their fortifications. The seat was lasted six months, at the end of which the defeated Hospitallers were allowed to withdraw to the Kingdom of Sicily. Despite the defeat, both Christians and Muslims seem to have regarded the conduct of Villiers de L’Isle-Adam as extremely valiant, and the Grand Master was proclaimed to Defender of the Faith by Pope Adrian VI (see Knights of Cyprus and Rhodes ). The knights would later move their base of operations to Malta .
Rhodes was thereafter a possession of the Ottoman Empire (see Sanjak of Rhodes ) for nearly four centuries.
The island was populated by ethnic groups from the surrounding nations, including Jews. Under Ottoman rule, they generally did well, but discrimination and bigotry occasionally arose. In February 1840, the Jews of Rhodes were falsely accused of ritually murdering a Christian boy. This is known as the Rhodes blood libel .
Austria opened a post-office at RHODUS (Venetian name) before 1864,  as witnessed by stamps with Franz-Josef head.
In 1912, Italy seized Rhodes from the Turks during the Italo-Turkish War . The island’s population thus bypassed many of the events associated with the “exchange of the minorities” between Greece and Turkey . After World War I , the island, together with the rest of the Dodecanese , was officially assigned to Italy in the Treaty of Lausanne . It then became the core of their possession of the Isole Italiane dell’Egeo .
Following the Italian Armistice of September 8 , 1943 , the British attempted to get the Italian garrison on Rhodes to change sides. This was anticipated by the German Army , which succeeded in occupying the island with the Battle of Rhodes . In great measure, the German occupation caused the British failure in the subsequent Dodecanese Campaign .
The Turkish Consul Selahattin Ülkümen succeeded, at considerable risk to himself and his family, in saving 42 Jewish families, about 200 persons in total, who had Turkish citizenship or their families.
On 8 May 1945 the Germans under Otto Wagener surrendered Rhodes and the Dodecanese as a whole to the British, who soon afterwards occupied the islands as a military protectorate.
In 1947, Rhodes, together with the other islands of the Dodecanese , was united with Greece.
In 1949, Rhodes was the venue for negotiations between Israel and Egypt , Jordan , Lebanon , and Syria , concluding with the 1949 Armistice Agreements .
The name of the US state of Rhode Island is based on a reference to Rhodes by Giovanni Verrazano . In a 1524 letter detailing his trip to the waters around either Block Island or Aquidneck Island Verrazano wrote that he “discovered an Ilande in the form of a triangle, distant from the mainland 3 leagues, about the bigness of the Ilande of the Rodes” .
The Colossus of Rhodes was considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World . This giant bronze statue was inspected at the harbor. It was completed in 280 BC and destroyed in an earthquake in 224 BC. No trace of the statue remains today.
Historical sites on the island of Rhodes include the Acropolis of Lindos , the Acropolis of Rhodes with the Temple of Pythian Apollo and an ancient theater and stadium,  ancient Ialysos , ancient Kamiros , the Governor’s Palace , Old Town Rhodes (walled medieval city) ), the Palace of the Grand Masters , Kahal Shalom Synagogue in the Jewish Quarter , the Archeological Museum , the ruins of the castle of Monolithos , the castle of Kritinia , St. Catherine Hospice andRhodes Footbridge .
The predominant religion is Greek Orthodox ; The island is the seat of the Metropolis of Rhodes .
There is a significant Latin Catholic  minority on the island, many of whom are descendants of Italians who remained after the end of the Italian occupation, pastorally served by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rhodes .
Rhodes has a Turkish Muslim minority, a remnant from Ottoman Turkish times. They are organized around the Turkish Association of Rhodes ( Turkish : Rodos Türk Derneği ), which gives the figure 3,500 for the population they bring together and represent for the island.  The number of the Turks in Rhodes could be as many as 4,000.   
The Jewish Community of Rhodes  goes back to the first century AD. Kahal Shalom Synagogue , established in 1557, during the Ottoman era, is the oldest synagogue in Greece and still stands in the Jewish quarter of the old town of Rhodes. At its peak in the 1920s, the Jewish community was one-third of the town’s total population.  In the 1940s, there were about 2000 Jews of various ethnic backgrounds. The Nazis deported and killed most of the community during the Holocaust . Kahal Shalom has been renovated with the help of foreigners in the past year. 
The Jewish Museum of Rhodes was established in 1997 to preserve the Jewish history and culture of the Jews of Rhodes. It is adjacent to the Kahal Shalom Synagogue .
The present municipality is formed at the local government by the following municipalities: 
- Afantou (Afantou, Archipoli)
- Archangelos (Archangelos, Malonas, Masari)
- Attavyros (Embonas, Kritinia, Monolithos, Siana, Agios Isidoros)
- Kallithea (Kalythies, Koskinou, Psinthos)
- Kameiros (Soroni, Apollonia, Dimylia, Kalavarda, Platania, Salakos, Fanes)
- Lindos (Lindos, Kalathos, Laerma, Lardos, Pylona)
- Petaloudes (Kremasti, Pastida, Maritsa, Paradeisi, Theologos, Damatria)
- South Rhodes (Gennadi, Apolakkia, Arnitha, Asklipieio, Vati, Istrios, Kattavia, Lachania,  Mesanagros , Profilia)
The municipality has an area of 1400.681 km 2 .  It covers the island of Rhodes and has few uninhabited offshore islets. Rhodes city was the capital of the former Dodecanese Prefecture. Rhodes is the most populated island of the South Aegean Region.
Towns and villages
Rhodes has 43 towns and villages:
|Town / Village||Population ||Municipal unit||Town / Village||Population||Municipal unit|
|Rhodes City||50.636||Rhodes||Gennadi||671||South Rhodes|
The economy is tourist-oriented, and the most developed sector is service. Tourism has raised Rhodes economically, compared to the rest of Greece. 
Other industries, including production, stockbreeding, fishery and winery.
Rhodes has three airports but only one is public. Diagoras Airport, one of the biggest in Greece, is the main entrance / exit point for both locals and tourists. The island is well connected with other major European capital cities and cities via charter flights.
- Rhodes International Airport, “Diagoras” : public airport, 14 km (9 mi) southwest of Rhodes City , third in international passenger volume and fourth in total passenger volume in Greece.
- Rhodes Maritsa Airport : closed to public, near Maritsa village. Built in 1938 by the Italians, it was the first airport of the island until 1977. Nowadays, it serves the Hellenic Air Force and is sometimes used for car races.
- Kalathos Airfield: inoperative, 7 km (4 mi) north of Lindos . Built by the Italians during World War II, was called Aeroporto di Gadurrà . Today only the runway is visible.
- Kattavia Airstrip, located in the south of the island it was an emergency airstrip built by the Italians during World War II . Today it is abandoned. [ clarification needed ]
Two pilot schools offer aviation services (small plane and hopping).
Rhodes has five ports, three of them in Rhodes City , one in the west coast near Kamiros and one in east coast near Lardos . [ quote needed ]
- Central Port: located in the city of Rhodes serves the international market of scheduled services to / from Turkey, cruise ships and yachts. Since Summer 2012, the port is also homeport for Costa Cruises during the summer period.
- Kolona Port: opposite and north of the central port, intra-Dodecanese traffic and all sizes yachts.
- Akandia Port: the new port of the island, being built since the 1960s, for domestic, cargo and general purpose traffic. No land facilities exist the municipality is in the process of erecting a passenger terminal.
- Kamiros Skala Dock: 30 km (19 mi) South Kamiros ruins serves mainly the island of Halki
- Lardos Dock: formerly servicing local industries, now under development as an alternative port for times when the central port is inaccessible due to weather conditions. It is situated in a rocky shore near the village of Lardos in south east Rhodes.
The road network of the island is mostly paved. [ citation needed ] There are four major arteries:
- Rhodes-Kamiros Province Avenue: Two lanes, runs through the west coast north to south and connects Rhodes City with Diagoras Airport and Kamiros . [ quote needed ]
- Rhodes-Lindos National Avenue ( Greek National Road 95 ): Four and two lanes, runs mainly inland north to south and connects Rhodes City with Lindos. [ citation needed ] Part of Rhodes Town until Kolympia is now 4 lanes, the rest until Lindos is 2 lanes.
- Rhodes-Kallithea Province Avenue: Two lanes, runs through the east coast north to south and connects Rhodes City with Faliraki Resort. [ quote needed ]
- Tsairi-Airport National Avenue: Four and two lane, runs inland east to west and connects the east coast with the west and the airport. [ quote needed ]
- Lindos-Katavia Province Avenue: Two lane, begins just before Lindos and leads to villages leading to Katavia village, the southernmost of the island, from where further leads leads to Prasonissi. [ quote needed ]
- Rhodes Town Ring Road : First part of the new marina and ending at Rhodes-Kallithea province avenue is now almost complete as a four lane expressway. Traffic lights will be installed until the end of 2013.
Future roads: [ citation needed ]
- Further widening of E-95 [ clarification needed ] from Kolympia to Lindos. This barrier is in the middle. It is still unknown when construction will begin and most importantly end.
- Plans also exist for a new highway connecting Rhodes Town with Diagoras Airport that is intended to relieve congestion on the coastal west avenue.
Bus services are handled by the operators: 
- RODA: Rhodes City company that also services suburban areas (Faliraki, Ialysos, Kremasti, Airport, Pastida, Maritsa, Paradeisi) and the west coast of the island
- KTEL: State-owned buses that serve the islands and resorts in the east coast of the island
Cars and motorbikes
Families in Rhodes often owns a car, along with a motorbike. Traffic jams are common especially in the summer months. The island is served by 450 taxis.
- Football: AS Rodos and Diagoras FC are the biggest teams and rivals. Used to reach the national level until a couple of years ago reaching the National B ‘division. Local football leagues (organized at the prefecture level) contain three divisions with more than 50 teams. [ citation needed ] Many stadia are grass covered. [ quote needed ]
- Basketball: BC Colossus sponsors professional basketball and currently plays in the top-level Greek Basketball League . The local league includes two divisions with 14 teams. [ citation needed ] Two indoor courts exist in Rhodes City, and one each in Ialysos and Kremasti. [ quote needed ]
- Volleyball: local teams only.
- Water polo: mostly amateur based. There is not any single indoor pool on the island.
- Rugby: introduced in 2007. Teams compete at the national level. [ quote needed ]
- Tennis: tennis has a long history on the island. [ quote needed ]
- Sailing: Island has competed on the international level [ citation needed ]
- Cycling: for a long period of time Greece, producing Olympics-level competitors. [ quote needed ]
- Rhodes competes in the bi-annual Island Games , which it hosted in 2007. 
include: avranies , Koulouria , pouggia , tsirigia , fanouropita , katimeria , melekouni , pouggakia , Takakia , gold mantinades , muchalebi and pitaroudia. [ citation needed ]The pitaroudia is a large chick pea fritter , and is a characteristic dish in Rhodes. 
- Agesander (1st century BC), sculptor
- Apollonius (3rd century BC), epic poet
- Chares of Lindos (3rd century BC), sculptor
- Cleobulus of Lindos (6th century BC), philosopher and one of the Seven Sages of Ancient Greece
- Diagoras (5th century BC), boxer, multiple Olympic winner
- Dinocrates (4th century BC), architect and technical adviser for Alexander the Great
- Hecato (100 BC), Stoic philosopher
- Hieronymus , (c.290-c.230 BC), Peripatetic philosopher
- Hipparchus , (2nd century BC), astronomer, mathematician, geographer, founder of trigonometry
- Leonidas (2nd century BC), athlete
- Memnon (380-333 BC), commander of mercenary army
- Mentor (385-340 BC), mercenary soldier, brother of Memnon
- Panaetius (185 – 110/109 BC), Stoic Philosopher
- Timocreon (5th century BC), poet
- Joannicius II of Constantinople , Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
- Reşit Galip , Turkish politician, one of the first ministers of education of the Republic of Turkey
- Niki Xanthou , long jumper
- Nick Galis , basketball player, FIBA Hall of Fame and Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame member (his father was born in a small village called Agios Isidoros )
- Braith Anasta , rugby league player and NRL premiership winner (ancestral ties to the island through his father, Petros (“Peter”) Anastasakis)
Rhodes is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Greece. After Crete the island is most visited destination in Greece, with arrivals standing at 1.785.305 in 2013. In 2014 they stood at 1.931.005, while in 2015 the arrival is slightly more than 1.901.000. The average length of stay is estimated at 8 days. Guests from Great Britain, Israel, France, Italy, Sweden and Norway are the ones that make up the largest portion of the country.  In Rhodes the supply of rooms is high, since they are operating in the island, the majority of which are 2 star hotels.  Additionally, in terms of competitiveness, the World Tourism Organization ranks Greece in the 31st position globally.