Molat (pronounced [mɔ̌lat] ; Italian : Melada ) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea . It is located near Zadar , southeast of Ist , separated by Zapuntel strait. It has an area of 22.82 km 2 (8.81 sq mi).  
Molat (population 107), Zapuntel (pop 42) and Brgulje (pop 48),  and they are situated in the interior of the island, and smaller hamlets are on the seaside. Main industries on the island are agriculture , sheep breeding , fishing and tourism .  
It is composed of lower cretaceous and eocene limestone .  Northeastern coast is mostly low and indented with many coves but the southwestern coast is largely steep.  The relief is characterized by two limestone ridges, separated from each other by the Zapuntel Field (the Bay of Brgulje is its southeastern submerged part). A smaller cross Molat Field stretches in the southeastern part of the island. It is mostly covered with young forests and underbrush . 
In 1151 the island became the property of the Zadar-based Benedictine Monastery of Saint Krševan. From 1409 it was under the power of the Republic of Venice , which leased it to several families from Zadar. Abdicated English King Edward VIII and his wife Wallis visited the island in 1939. [ citation needed ]
World War II
From 1942 until 1943 the island contained an Italian concentration camp . [ quote needed ]
- Jump up^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). “Coastline lengths and areas of the islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps of the scale of 1: 25,000” (PDF) . Geoadria . Zadar . 9 (1): 5-32 . Retrieved 21 January 2011 .
- Jump up^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistiki ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [ Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015 ] (PDF) . Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47 . Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305 . Retrieved 27 December 2015 .
- Jump up^ “Population by Age and Sex by Settlements, 2011 Census: Town Zadar” . Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011 . Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . December 2012.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c Molat on ldnbglobal.com
- ^ Jump up to:a b “Molat”. General Encyclopedia of the Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute (in Croatian). 5 . Zagreb: Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute . 1979.