Molat (pronounced [mɔ̌lat] ; Italian : Melada ) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea . It is located near Zadar , southeast of Ist , separated by Zapuntel strait. It has an area of ​​22.82 km 2 (8.81 sq mi). [1] [2]

Molat (population 107), Zapuntel (pop 42) and Brgulje (pop 48), [3] and they are situated in the interior of the island, and smaller hamlets are on the seaside. Main industries on the island are agriculture , sheep breeding , fishing and tourism . [4] [5]

It is composed of lower cretaceous and eocene limestone . [5] Northeastern coast is mostly low and indented with many coves but the southwestern coast is largely steep. [4] The relief is characterized by two limestone ridges, separated from each other by the Zapuntel Field (the Bay of Brgulje is its southeastern submerged part). A smaller cross Molat Field stretches in the southeastern part of the island. It is mostly covered with young forests and underbrush . [4]

In 1151 the island became the property of the Zadar-based Benedictine Monastery of Saint Krševan. From 1409 it was under the power of the Republic of Venice , which leased it to several families from Zadar. Abdicated English King Edward VIII and his wife Wallis visited the island in 1939. citation needed ]

World War II

From 1942 until 1943 the island contained an Italian concentration camp . quote needed ]


  1. Jump up^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). “Coastline lengths and areas of the islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps of the scale of 1: 25,000” (PDF) . Geoadria . Zadar . 9 (1): 5-32 . Retrieved 21 January 2011 .
  2. Jump up^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistiki ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [ Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015 ] (PDF) . Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47 . Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . p. 47. ISSN  1333-3305 . Retrieved 27 December 2015 .
  3. Jump up^ “Population by Age and Sex by Settlements, 2011 Census: Town Zadar” . Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011 . Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . December 2012.
  4. ^ Jump up to:c Molat on
  5. ^ Jump up to:b “Molat”. General Encyclopedia of the Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute (in Croatian). 5 . Zagreb: Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute . 1979.

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