Komsomolets Island

Komsomolets Island ( Russian : остров Комсомолец ) is the northernmost island of the Severnaya Zemlya group in the Russian Arctic , and the third largest island in the group. It is the largest 82nd island on earth. About 65% of the island is covered with glaciers.

Geography

Komsomolets Island is separated from October Revolution Island in the south by the Red Army Strait and from Pioneer Island in the southwest by the Yuny Strait . [1] The northernmost point of the island is the Arctic Cape , the launching point for many Arctic expeditions.

Practically the whole of the central and southern part of the island is covered by the massive Academy of Science Glacier , between Krenkel Bay in the east and Zhuravlev Bay in the west. [2] The northern part is largely unglaciated . The area of ​​this island has 9,006 km². It rises to a height of 780 m. Komsomolets Island is home to the largest ice cap in Russia, the Academy of Sciences Ice Cap. [3]

Geology

The soil of the island is mostly composed of loose loam and sands , with tundra desert scattered with mosses and lichens. [4]

History

The island was discovered by Boris Vilkitsky in 1913, but its insularity was not until 1931, when Georgy Ushakov and Nikolay Urvantsev charted the archipelago during their 1930-32 expedition. [5] They also named it. In keeping with their scheme of naming the islands and events of the Revolution , this island was named in honor of the members of the Komsomol , the “Communist Union of Youth”.

References

  1. Jump up^ “Yunyy Proliv” . Mapcarta . Retrieved 26 November 2016 .
  2. Jump up^ “Lednik Akademii Nauk” . Mapcarta . Retrieved 24 December 2016 .
  3. Jump up^ “Severnaya Zemlya 1999-2000” . Ecoshelf . Archived from the original on February 5, 2012 . Retrieved March 14, 2012 . External link in( help ) |publisher=
  4. Jump up^ https://web.archive.org/web/20101223015139/http://www.oceandots.com/arctic/severnaya-zemlyaRussian Arctic – Severnaya Zemlya [ dead link ]
  5. Jump up^ Barr, William (1975). “Severnaya Zemlya: the last major discovery”. Geographical Journal . 141 (1): 59-71. doi : 10.2307 / 1796946 .

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