Kihnu

Kihnu ( Swedish : Kynö ) is an island in the Baltic Sea . With an area of ​​16.4 km 2 (6.3 sq mi) it is the largest island in the Gulf of Riga [1] and the seventh largest island of Estonia . The length of the island is 7 km (4.3 mi) and width 3.3 km (2.1 mi), the highest point is at 8.9 meters (29.2 ft) above sea level .

The island belongs to the Pärnu County of Estonia. Together with Neighboring islands it forms Kihnu Parish , one of the Smallest Municipalities of the country with an area of 16.8 km 2 (6.5 sq mi).

604 people live on Kihnu as of 2007 of whom 69 are primary school pupils. There are four villages: Lemsi , Linaküla , Rootsiküla and Sääre . One can reach Kihnu by plane from Pärnu (15 minutes) or ferry from Pärnu (3 hours) or Manilaid (1 hour), and when the sea is frozen in winter it is possible to drive to the island over the ice.

Culture

Kihnu’s mittens, troi, ” ülalistmine ” and striped skirts are famous in many countries, especially among craftsmen and scientists.

UNESCO proclaimed Kihnu’s cultural space and traditions as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanityon November 7, 2003. The Baltic islands of Manija and Kihnu are home to a small group of traditional people. For many years, the men of Kihnu have become part of the island of culture and have become the guardians of the island’s cultural heritage, including handicrafts, dances, games and music. Music is an especially important part of the island’s traditions, and accompanies handicrafts, religious feasts and other celebrations. Ancient runo-styled songs are also important, adorned with decorations and bright colors that symbolize ancient legends and poems. The people of Kihnu speak a dialect of Estonian which is sometimes considered to be a separate language and contains many elements from Swedish.

Climate

[ hide ]Climate data for Kihnu (1981-2010)
month Jan Feb Mar Apr may Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec year
Record high ° C (° F) 8.1
(46.6)
6.3
(43.3)
15.0
(59)
23.9
(75)
29.2
(84.6)
30.6
(87.1)
31.8
(89.2)
29.5
(85.1)
23.3
(73.9)
17.5
(63.5)
12.0
(53.6)
9.0
(48.2)
31.8
(89.2)
Average high ° C (° F) -0.3
(31.5)
-1.5
(29.3)
1.3
(34.3)
7.1
(44.8)
13.7
(56.7)
17.6
(63.7)
20.7
(69.3)
20.1
(68.2)
15.3
(59.5)
10.2
(50.4)
4.7
(40.5)
1.6
(34.9)
9.2
(48.6)
Daily mean ° C (° F) -2.1
(28.2)
-3.5
(25.7)
-1.0
(30.2)
3.9
(39)
10.1
(50.2)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
8.3
(46.9)
3.2
(37.8)
-0.1
(31.8)
6.8
(44.2)
Average low ° C (° F) -4.1
(24.6)
-5.6
(21.9)
-3.2
(26.2)
1.6
(34.9)
7.5
(45.5)
12.0
(53.6)
15.4
(59.7)
15.2
(59.4)
10.9
(51.6)
6.6
(43.9)
1.5
(34.7)
-2
(28)
4.6
(40.3)
Record low ° C (° F) -32.4
(-26.3)
-30.8
(-23.4)
-20.6
(-5.1)
-8.5
(16.7)
-1
(30)
3.2
(37.8)
8.0
(46.4)
7.0
(44.6)
0.6
(33.1)
-5.4
(22.3)
-14.5
(5.9)
-19.6
(-3.3)
-32.4
(-26.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.46)
29
(1.14)
30
(1.18)
30
(1.18)
34
(1.34)
58
(2.28)
65
(2.56)
66
(2.6)
62
(2.44)
64
(2.52)
58
(2.28)
45
(1.77)
578
(22.76)
Average relative humidity (%) 87 87 86 81 77 80 80 80 81 83 86 87 83
Source: Estonian Weather Service [2] [3] [4]

See also

List of islands of Estonia

References

  1. Jump up^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011.Gulf of Riga. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. P.Saundry & CJCleveland. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC.]
  2. Jump up^ “Climate normals-Temperature”. Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  3. Jump up^ “Climate normals-Precipitation” . Estonian Weather Service . Retrieved 27 September 2016 .
  4. Jump up^ “Climate normals-Humidity” . Estonian Weather Service . Retrieved 27 September 2016 .

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