Hisingen

Hisingen is the fifth-largest island of Sweden (after Gotland , Öland , Södertörn and Orust ), [2] with an area of ​​199 km 2 (77 sq mi). It forms part of Gothenburg and is bordered by the Göta to the south and east, the Nordre älv to the north, and the Kattegat to the west. The northern part of the city of Gothenburg, with its harbors, industries and suburbs, is located on the island, which is divided between the two historical provinces of Västergötland and Bohuslän .

The population of the island is around 130,000, making it the most populated island in Sweden, ahead of Södermalm and Gotland .

For a brief, post-war period Hisingen Was home to the Largest shipbuilding center in the world, all three goal-yard closed in 1979. Hisingen is home to Both the Volvo Group and the now separate Volvo Cars . Most of the Nordic countries’ largest port, the Port of Gothenburg is also located on Hisingen.

Etymology

The etymology of the name Hisingen is disputed. Hísing makes its first appearance in 13th century Icelandic sources; Hisingen is dated back to 1399.

The basic meaning of the prefix His – is “to split, cut off” and can be found in the placenames Hisøy and Hisön . Hence, the name can be interpreted as “the island cut off from the mainland”. [3] [4] [5] [6]

A colloquial name for Hisingen is Elevator Nobody or Lift Nobody . This is a play on words; hiss is Swedish for elevator-lift , and ingen is Swedish for nobody .

History

The Rock Wall Paintings ( Tumlehed rock painting ) and remains of ancient settlements prove that Hisingen was inhabited by the 9000 BC. [7]

It was on Hisingen that the first town with the name Gothenburg existed. It was founded by Charles IX in 1603 on the northern bank of the Göta River , at Färjenäs . It was mostly inhabited by Dutch merchants, enticed to settle there by favorable economic conditions. However, the town was completely destroyed by the Danish in 1611 during the Kalmar War .

Until 1658, when it was ceded to Sweden from Denmark-Norway by the Treaty of Roskilde , the island was divided into a Swedish and a Norwegian part. The division continued in the official name of the provincial districts of the Swedish and Norwegian Hisingen – Svenska Hisingens härad and Norska Hisingens härad – until 1681 when they were renamed as the Eastern and Western districts.

Arendalsvarvet , Eriksberg , Götaverken and Lindholmen started operating there. The island was mostly farmland until the 19th century, when industrialization began . For most of the 20th century, until the shipyard crisis in the 1970s, the island was the focus for Swedish shipbuilding.

The Volvo car manufacturer has its roots on Hisingen; it was there that their first factory was located, the Volvo ÖV 4 , was produced in 1927. [8] Today, the company still has its offices and production facilities on the island. The Volvo Museum is also located nearby.

Over the last 20 years, the northern bank of Göta älv has undergone major expansion. Residential areas, university buildings and high tech industry have been replaced by the shipyards.

See also: History of Gothenburg , History of Westrogothia , History of Bahusia

Geography

Ramberget as seen from the Göta älv Bridge .

The island has various landscapes with coasts, farms and forests. The biggest forest area is Hisingsparken , which is also the largest park in Gothenburg. Rya skog , a smaller forest and nature reserve , is located in the south of Hisingen.

Ramberget , an 87m hill, is a well-known landmark. It is part of Keiller’s Park, which was established in 1908 and covers an area of ​​over 31 hectares. From the top of the hill, which can be reached by car, there is a wide view of the whole city.

Administration

All of the island belongs to Gothenburg Municipality . It is divided up into three boroughs :

  • Norra Hisingen (Northern Hisingen)
  • Västra Hisingen (Western Hisingen)
  • Lundby

[9]

Transport

The island is linked to the mainland by bridges Several, Including the Gota älvbron (Gota River Bridge), the Älvsborg Bridge , and the Tingstadstunneln motorway tunnel (a second motorway tunnel est planned). A number of bus routes, as well as tram lines 5, June 10 and 13, connect the island to central Gothenburg.

Gothenburg City Airport (Gothenburg’s second international airport after- Landvetter ) is site location is Säve in the northern portion of Hisingen.

Ranking in the list of Sweden’s largest islands

In 2014 Statistics Sweden declared it to be the fifth largest island, under a definition which adds artificial canals to the possible bodies of water surrounding an island. It has been noted that under this definition, all of Götalandwould be the country’s largest island, rendering Hisingen instead the sixth largest. [10]

See also

  • Port of Gothenburg

References

  1. Jump up^ “Statistisk årsbok 2011” (PDF) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden . p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 5, 2011 . Retrieved 5 July 2011 .
  2. Jump up^ “Islands in Sweden 2013” (PDF) . MI50 – Coast and shores . 2013 – via Statistics Sweden.
  3. Jump up^ Göteborg, ed. Jan Jonasson, “Ortnamn”, wire by Hugo Karlsson, STF-landskapsserie, Esselte, Nacka 1978 ISSN 0347-6081 s.303
  4. Jump up^ Älvsborgs län – historia i gränsbygd, ed. Mimi Håkansson, “Häradsnamnen”, wire by Hugo Karlsson, Länsstyrelsen i Älvsborgs län, Risbergs Tryckeri, Uddevalla 1997ISBN 91-86832-09-3s.82-83
  5. Jump up^ Bohusläns forntid, Carl-Axel Moberg, Gothenburg 1963 s.13
  6. Jump up^ Malogy Minne, Oddvar Nes, Oslo 1974 s.53
  7. Jump up^ Einar Hansson; Sanja Peter; Claes Caldenby, eds. (2008). Upptäck Hisingen! . Gothenburg: Göteborgs stadsmuseum. pp. 2 + 118. ISBN  978-91-85488-97-1 .
  8. Jump up^ “The Volvo history” . Volvo Group Global . Retrieved 2010-12-30 .
  9. Jump up^ http://goteborg.se/wps/portal/start/kommun-o-politik/kommunens-organisation/namnder/stadsdelsnamnder/!ut/p/z1/hY6xDoIwGISfhrV_QaWtWx0wAhE0GrGLAVMLCVBSqk18enE00Xjb5b7LHQgoQPTlo1GlbXRftpM_i_CS-_GOrnyOszWL8OaQ5NE2SbP9kcDpHyCmGP8QxxCDaKoOuWuHMAqCBaEBZYySOWUhI-993lczqkAYeZNGGnQ3063a2mFcetjDzjmktFatRKP08LdGrUcLxQcIQ1c8U3niL8hvetM!/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh /
  10. Jump up^ Gistedt, Karin (15 December 2014). “Orust inte längre trea i landet” . Bohusläningen (in Swedish). Uddevalla . Retrieved 26 September 2015 .

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