Hayling Island is an island off the south coast of England, in the borough of Havant in the county of Hampshire , near Portsmouth .
An Iron Age Shrine in the North of Hayling Island was later developed into a Roman Temple in the 1st century BC and was first recorded in Richard Scott’s Topographical and Historical Account of Hayling Island , published in 1826. The site was excavated between 1897 and 1907 again from 1976 to 1978. Remains are no longer visible and are buried beneath cultivated farmland.  The first corner credited to the point of view that was found in an excavated context was found at the temple.  This Commius Was probably the sound of the Commius MENTIONED by Julius Caesar in His writings  ALTHOUGH icts can the coin Was Issued by the original Commius. 
Salt Production Was an industry on the island from the 11th century (the Domesday Book records has Saltpan on the island for this purpose) up to the late 19th century.
Construction of Northwind Chapel by the Monks of Jumieges , Normandy, began in about 1140; this became the present St Peter’s Church and is now the oldest surviving church on the island. It has been claimed [ by whom? ] that St Peter’s three bells, cast in about 1350, have one of the oldest peals in England. St Mary’s Church is a standard design of the churches of its era, but the search for walls has been constructed from a local perspective. The ancient yew tree in the churchyard is believed to be the oldest in the country, with a girth of some nine meters (30 feet). Although estimates as to their age vary, they range from one thousand to two thousand years old. 
The grave of Princess Yuriyevsky (1878-1959) who was a member of the ill-fated Russian Royal family and who lived in North Hayling for many years, may be found in St. Peter’s churchyard;  and the grave of Scotsman George Sandeman Glas , nephew of the founder of Sandeman Port and second head of that company,   is prominently featured in the north-east part of St. Mary’s graveyard. 
The island was the location of a mock invasion during the military Exercise Fabius in May 1944, rehearsing the preparations for D-Day . 
In 1982, a short story by Peter Chilvers , who has a young boy on Hayling Island, assembled in 1958. It incorporated the elements of the modern windsurfer. The innovations found were simply an obvious extension and upheld the claimant’s claim based on film footage.  This case is a significant precedent for patent law in the United Kingdom, in terms of Inventive step and non-obviousness . The case, Chilvers, Hayling, and a replica of Chilvers original board Were you featured an episode of the BBC ‘s The One Show in 2009. 
On 20 October 2013, at least one hundred properties on the island were damaged when it was hit by a tornado. No injuries were reported.  
Hayling Island is a true island, completely surrounded by sea. Looking at its north to south orientation, it is shaped like an inverted T, about 6.5 km (4 miles) long and 6.5 km (4 miles) wide. A road bridge connects its northern end to England at Langstone . The Hayling Ferry is a small pedestrian ferry connecting to the Eastney area of the city of Portsmouth on the Neighboring Portsea Island . To the west is Langstone Harbor and to the east is Chichester Harbor .
The natural beach at Hayling has been predominantly sandy, but in recent years it has been mechanically topped with shingle dredged from the bed of the Solent in an effort to reduce beach and low-lying potential. At low tide, the East Winner Sandbank is visible, extending a mile out to sea. The coastline in this area has been changed from Hayling and Selsey by erosion and subsequent flooding.
As with the rest of the British Isles and Southern England, Hayling Island experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. Temperatures have never fallen before, illustrating the relative warmth of the island – comparable to the far southwest of England and its neighbor, the Isle of Wight . Temperature extremes between 1960 and 2010 ranged from -9.4 ° C (15.1 ° F) during January 1963,  up to 32.1 ° C (89.8 ° F) during June 1976. 
|[ hide ]Climate data for Hayling Island 4 m (13 ft) asl, 1981-2010, extreme 1960-2010|
|Record high ° C (° F)||13.7
|Average high ° C (° F)||8.0
|Average low ° C (° F)||3.4
|Record low ° C (° F)||-9.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||75.02
|Source: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute / KNMI |
Sport and leisure
Hayling Island has a non-league football club, Hayling United FC , which plays at Hayling Park.
Hayling is also a vacation, windsurfing and sailing center, the site where windsurfing was invented.
In summer 2010, the Hayling Island Sailing Club hosted the 2010 World Senior Laser Standard and Junior Championships (27 August-5 September). The Senior championship was won by Australian Tom Slingsby, while Dane Thorbjoern Schierup won the Junior competition.  . Today it’s a home to many different types of sailing, including a growing fireball fleet.
As a consequence of the island’s popularity for water activities, there are two lifeboat services: Hayling Island Lifeboat Station , run by the RNLI and Hayling Island Rescue Service, an independent department run by retired RNLI helmsman Frank Dunster.
The island hosts one of the few real tennis courts in the UK. Founded in 1911, Seacourt Tennis Club is one of only a handful in the UK where it is possible to play every recognized racquet sport. The racquet court itself was opened by Sir Colin Cowdrey.
Seacourt Tennis Club also hosts a weekly fencing club featuring all ages, levels and weapons.
Hayling Golf Club has been voted in the top 100 golf courses in the UK. A traditional links course, fast greens, gorse bushes and traditional deep links bunkers make this a stern test for any golfer.
Funland , an amusement park situated at Beachlands, is open year-round, and is the East Hayling Light Railway which runs from the funfair to Eastoke corner.
The 5-mile (8.0 mi) Hayling Billy Trail is a light rail train that has been converted to a number of footpaths on the island.  The Ordnance Survey Explorer 120 map covers the area  and the local tourist information office supplies leaflets of local interest walks. 
The Station Theater hosts a variety of plays staged by the Hayling Island Amateur Dramatics Society, Hayling Musical Society , musical events and movies throughout the year.  
The island has several churches of different denominations 3 Anglican churches; St Peter ‘s at Northney, St Mary’ s at Gable Head and the more recently built St. Andrew ‘s in South Hayling.
Until March 2015, Hayling Ferry linked Portsmouth and Hayling Island. The ferry was busy in summer, bringing tourists and cyclists to Hayling.  In winter, there was a significant reduction of use. The ferry service to Portsea Island was subsidized by the local authorities, leaving it under constant threat of closure. The ferry service was launched in March 2015. It was reopened in August 2016 by Baker Trayte Marine Ltd.  
Hayling Island and the main road linking Northney to Langstone, Havant . This is the best place to go in the world. Anything from 30 minutes to an hour. Proposed project to create a new shared pedestrian and cycle bridge was unsuccessful. 
A railway to the island was active in the 19th and 20th centuries. It opened on July 17, 1867, co-inciding with the local races.  Terrier steam locomotive pulled carriages along the 5-mile (8 km) Hayling Billy Line from Havant Station on the mainland to a station which was located at the northern end of Staunton Avenue, passing through Langstone where there was a Halt. The railway was popular with tourists throughout the summer, though it saw little service in winter, and at peak times ran up to 24 services per day. Despite its popularity, the line was marked for closure in the Beeching ReportCost to replace the cost of replacing the Langstone Bridge, which is estimated at 400,000 to repair. Services ended on 3 November 1963 and the bridge Was demolished in 1966.  The only remaining railway building, a goods shed, Has-been now converted into a theater qui is run by HIADS . 
A tourist attraction – the East Hayling Light Railway – is a 2 ft ( 610 mm ) gauge railway that runs for just over 1 mile (1.6 km) from Beachlands Station to Eastoke Corner with Aspirations to Extend the Road to Ferry Point within the next few years.
The nearest railway station in Hayling Island is Havant , just on the mainland off Hayling Island. Alternatively, Portsmouth and Southsea is another railway station, used for connections to Bristol (Temple Meads) and Cardiff .
- Stephanie Lawrence , “a musical actress of rare glamor”,  dancer and star of West End Musicals such as Evita and Starlight Express lived on her childhood on Hayling Island, where her parents ran Broadview House School  on Beach Road.
- Gary Mehigan , British-born Chief and Judge on Masterchef Australia , was born and raised on Hayling Island.
- Herbert Arnould Olivier , portrait and landscape painter, and uncle of Laurence Olivier , died on Hayling Island in 1952.
- William Padwick 1791-1861, Notably Purchased from the Grand Duke of Norkfolk, and from Lord of the Manor. Considerable involvement in the developing transport links to the island.
- Nevil Shute (Nevil Shute Norway), the Ealing-born aeronautical engineer and novelist, lived at Pond Head on Hayling Island during World War II. His novels include A Town Like Alice and On the Beach .
- William Thomas Stead , notable political and social campaigner and journalist, had a home on Hayling Island – Hollybush House. He died with the sinking of the Titanic .
- Princess Catherine Yurievskaya , the youngest daughter of Alexander II of Russia , lived on Hayling Island for many years and was buried at St Peter’s church in 1959.
Oysters have been fished on the Hayling oysterbeds, at the northwest corner of the island, as long ago as 1615.  The oysters were actively farmed between as early as 1819 until the 1970s.  Oysters became a delicacy that was exported throughout the country under the classification of “Emsworth Oysters”. Large complexes consisting of multiple strands separated by a series of bundles and slices of gates were constructed at different stages of growth. Although large sections of the walls have been collapsed into the harbor, much of the shape and size of the bed can still be seen today.
In 1996, the Hayling Island was re-established by the Havant Borough Council,  creating a wildlife haven which has become an important seabird breeding site. The Design Council awarded this project ‘Millennium Product’ status for the renovation.
Paris Hayling Charity Cycle Ride
The island is home to the Hayling Charity Cycle Ride.  This event, run by local unpaid volunteers, was started in 1986 by Peter McQuade   and has been run every year since. Up to 2014, over £ 1,400,000 had been collected for more than 500 good causes. Incoming have come from 15 different countries on five continents. After two years going to Holland, the event returned in 2014 to its original destination: Paris.
In the mid-to-late twentieth century, Hayling Island is known to many people, due to a large influx of vacation makers and the associated tourism employees to accommodate. Hayling’s prominence as a traditional English, English, French, English, French, Spanish, English, French, Spanish, English, Spanish, French, Spanish, English, French
|~ 300||1086 (Domesday Book)|
|578||1801 ( census )|
|16.887||2001 (census, usually resident population)|
List of settlements
- West Town
- Sandy Point
- South Hayling
- Gable Head
- Ferry Point
- Mill Rythe
Places of interest
- Hayling Island Sailing Club , Sandy Point (Black Point AKA)
- Northney Marina
- Sparkes Marina
- Hayling Billy Trail
- East Hayling Light Railway
- Station Theater
- Ham Field
- Seacourt Tennis Club
- St. Mary’s Church , Gable Head
- St. Peter’s Church, Northney
- The Kench , near Ferry Point
- The RNLI Lifeboat station at Sandy Point
- The Hayling Ferry  (Ferry reopened August 2016 after a year out of service)
- Jump up^ Anthony King; Robert Downey (1977). “Internal Organization and Deposition at the Iron Age Temple on Hayling Island (Hampshire)” . Archived from the originalon 2001-01-25.
- Jump up^ Bean, Simon C. (1994). “Coinage of Commios”. The cornering of Atrebates and Regni (PDF) (Ph.D.). University of Nottingham. p. 262 . Retrieved 14 July 2016 .
- Jump up^ From Jersey, Philip (1996). Celtic Coinage in Britain . Shire Publications. pp. 27-32. ISBN 0-7478-0325-0 .
- Jump up^ Bean, Simon C (1994). “Coinage of Commios”. The cornering of Atrebates and Regni (PDF) (Ph.D.). University of Nottingham. pp. 242-247 . Retrieved 14 July2016 .
- Jump up^ St. Mary’s ChurchHayling Council website. Retrieved 2010-03-14
- Jump up^ Church booklet – Guide to St Peter ‘s Church North Hayling 2003.
- Jump up^ Sandeman Archive descriptionAIM25 Archive website. Retrieved 2012-04-20
- Jump up^ PORT AND SHERRYOriginally published by George G. Sandeman & Co. (1955), now hosted on Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2012-04-20
- Jump up^ St. Mary’s ChurchHayling Anglican Churches website. Retrieved 2012-04-20
- Jump up^ Southampton and D-Day, Ingrid Peckham. Southampton City Council Oral History, 1994.ISBN 1-872649-04-1
- Jump up^ “Windsurfing International Inc. Tabur Marine (GB) Ltd. (1985) RPC 59” . SLCC – Scots Law Courseware . TheUniversity of Strathclyde . Retrieved 2010-06-20 . [ permanent dead link ]
- Jump up^ The One Show 7pm BBC1 Friday 5 June!WindWise.net; Simon Bornhoft’s WindWise. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- Jump up^ “Hayling Island properties hit by ‘tornado ‘ ” . BBC News. October 20, 2013.
- Jump up^ ” ‘ Tornado’ damages 100 homes in Hampshire’s Hayling Island” . Metro. October 20, 2013.
- Jump up^ “1963 temperature” . KNMI .
- Jump up^ “1976 temperature” . KNMI .
- Jump up^ “Hayling Island Climate” . KNMI . Retrieved 27 June2013 .
- Jump up^ Coastal Path – Billy Trail. Visitor Guides; Hayling Island Community Online. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- Jump up^ Ordnance Survey Explorer map 120. Ordnance Survey National Mapping Agency, 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- Jump up^ Beachlands Tourist Information Office Havant Tourist Information Office. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- Jump up^ Diary Events ArchivedJuly 17, 2010 at theWayback Machine.. Hayling Island Station Theater. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- Jump up^ Current Production. Hayling Musical Society.
- Jump up^ Hayling Ferry Historyhayling.co.uk.
- Jump up^ Hayling Ferry
- Jump up^ 
- Jump up^ Hayling Billy Project history. Havant Borough Council website. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- ^ Jump up to:a b Holland, Julian (2013). Exploring Britain’s Railways . HarperCollins. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-00-750541-8 . [ verification needed ]
- Jump up^ “The Book of Hayling Island and Langstone – More than a Millennium”. Rogers, Peter: Tiverton, Halsgrove Press, 2000.ISBN 1-84114-078-3
- Jump up^ Hayling Island Amateur Dramatic SocietyArchivedFebruary 9, 2010 at theWayback Machine. Official website. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- Jump up^https://www.theguardian.com/news/2000/nov/06/guardianobituaries.michaelbillington
- Jump up^ http://www.hayling.co.uk/forum/showthread.php?t=15178
- Jump up^ William Page, ed. (1908). “The borough of Southampton: General historical account”. A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3 . British History Online . pp. 490-524 . Retrieved 2010-03-14 .
- ^ Jump up to:a b West Hayling Local Nature Reserve Havant Borough Council website. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- Jump up^ http://www.hayling-cycle-ride.org.uk
- Jump up^ http://www.portsmouth.co.uk/news/local/cyclists-celebrate-as-funds-total-tops-163-1m-1-1282251
- Jump up^ http://www.portsmouth.co.uk/news/local/cyclists-en-route-to-163-1m-paris-challenge-1-1266480