Falster

Falster is an island in south-eastern Denmark with an area of ​​486.2 km 2 (187.7 sq mi) [1] and 43,398 inhabitants as of January 1, 2010. [2] Located in the Baltic sea , it is part of Region Sjælland (County of Zealand) and is managed by Guldborgsund Municipality . Falster includes Denmark’s southernmost point, Gedser Odde , near Gedser . [3]

The largest town is Nykøbing Falster with over 40% of the island’s inhabitants. Other towns include Stubbekøbing , Nørre Alslev and Gedser .

Falster HAS motor and railway links Both to the larger island of Zealand to the north and to the island of Lolland to the south-west. These links also lead to the smaller islands of Masnedø and Farø . European route E47 links Copenhagen to Hamburg ( Germany ) via Falster.

History

Interior of Gedser Church , designed by Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint

From medieval times until 1766, most of Falster belonged to the crown. King Valdemar’s Census Book from c. 1231 lists all the parishes and most of the villages. Falster’s two main towns, Nykøbing and Stubbekøbing , were both founded towards the end of the 12th century. [4]

In medieval times, the island was marked by the Wends in 1158 and Lübeck in 1253. The census of 1509 includes only 90 of the 110 villages mentioned earlier. By contrast, it mentions 29 new settlements mainly along the coast.

In the 16th century, Falster had a number of locations which were owned by the local nobility but, from 1560 to 1630, they were slowly returned to the crown. Therefore, Falster could have been used for the sake of Frederick III’s wife, Sophie Amalie but as a result of the high taxes which resulted, many of the farms were deserted.

Falster was managed as a 1718 until 1766 when it was sold by large and large farms. But the fields have been prepared through the serfdom of local peasants, this led to many disputes.

The villages were replaced by the community from 1778 to 1814, and moved to freehold tenants, a process which was only completed in about 1860.

Falster experienced significant economic expansion after 1880 when, with the establishment of cooperative dairies and slaughterhouses, farming was concentrated on livestock production and drilling crops. There was also an increase in the cultivation of sugar beet which was processed in factories at Nykøbing and Stubbekøbing between 1890 and 1914. Many seasonal workers, especially women, from Sweden and Poland came to help with harvesting sugar beet and some of them stayed.

With the new railway from Orehoved to Nykøbing in 1872 and railway ferries to Masnedø (1884) and Warnemünde (1903), Falster slowly became a traffic hub. Its position is reinforced by the construction of the Storstrøm Bridge (1937) and Farø Bridges (1985).

Since 1975, Falster has been marked by high unemployment as a result of both farming and industry.

Towns and villages

As of 2012 , populations were as follows: [5]

Nykøbing Falster 16.394
Nørre Alslev 2,384
Stubbekøbing 2,304
Nordbyen 1,693
Væggerløse 1,347
Idestrup 1,234
Eskilstrup 1,091
Gedser 793
Marielyst 676
Horbelev 595
Orehoved 476
Ønslev 404
Systofte Skovby 347
Sønder Vedby Skovhuse 317
Horreby 306
Nykøbing Strandhuse 277
Øster Kippinge 261
Hasselø Plantage 236
Tingsted 228

Tourism

Jousting at the Middle Ages Center .

With its marinas, Falster attracts tourists who wish to have a relaxing holidays in anpoilt surroundings. One of the most popular resorts is Marielyst on the east coast. [6]

Nykøbing offers a number of attractions including its old town and narrow streets. Of Particular interest are the Middle Ages Center , qui is an open-air museum build as apart of a medieval town around year 1400 and the biggest attraction of the town. [7] [8] [9] Among other attractions in Nykøbing are the Abbey Church ( Klosterkirke ) which was built in the 15th century, [10] a City Museum and a zoo .

The Tractor Museum and Crocodile Zoo in Eskilstrup , a motorbike and radio Museum in Stubbekøbing and a geological museum in Gedser , which holds the worlds largest polished garnetby the name of “Nordstjernen” (the Northern Star ). [11] [12] [13]

Transport

Farø south bridge to Falster

Falster has a motorway and trunk roads linking its towns and villages.

Falster is connected to the larger island of Zealand to the north by the Farø Bridges (Farøbroerne) is European road E47 linking Copenhagen to Hamburg and the south. The Farø bridges join the island of Farø , and further to the eastern neighbor island of Møn . Falster is also connected to Zealand via the Storstrøm and Masnedsund bridges, via the island of Masnedø .

To the south-west, the E47 connects Falster to the island of Lolland via a tunnel under the Guldborgsund strait. There are two other bridges connecting to Lolland: the Guldborgsund Bridge at the northern end of the strait and the Frederick IX Bridge at Nykøbing Falster.

Nykøbing Falster’s railway station is operated by Danish State Railways . There are regular passenger services to Copenhagen via Ringsted . International trains operating between Copenhagen and Hamburg (via the ferry between Rødby and Puttgarden ) also call at the station. The Lokaltog company operates a rail service to Nakskov . The railway takes the Frederick IX bridge to Lolland and the Storstrøm and Masnedsund bridges to Zealand.

Lolland, Møn and Zealand also have some of these services. [14]

Cultural references

  • Marie Grubbe , whose tragic life has been the subject of several works of art most notably Jens Peter Jacobsen’s 1876 ​​novel published in English as Marie Grubbe. A Lady of the Seventeenth Century in 1917, spent her last years in poverty on Falster. [15]

Notable residents

People who are born, or have lived on Falster include:

  • Marie Grubbe (1643-1718), noble woman
  • Hans Egede (1686-1758), Lutheran missionary
  • Charles August Selby (1755-1823) English-Danish merchant and landowner, built the Orupgaard manor house
  • Bernhard Severin Ingemann (1789-1862), novelist and poet
  • Otto Valdemar Koch (1852-1902) architect and local politician
  • Sophus Torup (1861-1937) physiologist who settled in Norway
  • Evald Nielsen (1879-1958) silversmith
  • Rasmus Sigvardt (1886- ??) mechanic from Orehoved . In 1904, he opened a cycle repair shop which later developed into an engine factory, specializing in motorized motors and mechanized fruit-tree sprayers
  • Peter Freuchen (1886-1957), Arctic explorer, author, and anthropologist
  • Peter Laurits Jensen (1886-1961) engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and invented the first loudspeaker
  • Jørgen Hare (1923-2007) sports shooter, competed in the 50 m rifle, prone event at the 1952 Summer Olympics
  • Connie Kruckow (born 1953) nurse who headed The Danish Nurses’ Organization
  • Frederik Magle ( b.1977 ), composer, organist and pianist
  • Mads Rasmussen (b.1981), rower

Gallery

  • The Middle Ages Center near Nykobing

  • The Abbey Church in Nykobing

  • The beach at Marielyst

  • Corselitze Manor in central Falster

See also

  • List of islands of Denmark
  • Lolland
  • Langeland
  • Zealand

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:b “By Land Islands Area” . Islands.unep.ch . Retrieved 2010-08-01 .
  2. Jump up^ “Danmarks Statistik.” Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  3. Jump up^ Falster. From Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
  4. Jump up^ Falster. From Den store Danske. In Danish. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  5. Jump up^ “BEF44: Population 1st January, by urban areas”database fromStatistics Denmark
  6. Jump up^ Marielyst. In Danish. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  7. Jump up^ Lonely Planet (2011). Denmark Travel Guide . Lonely Planet. pp. 239-240. ISBN  978-1-74321-287-5 . Retrieved 2013-05-23 .
  8. Jump up^ “Tv-klip: Anne-Vibeke Rejser – Lolland, Middelaldercentret and Nykøbing Falster” . Rejseavisen. 2014-05-02 . Retrieved 2014-05-10 .
  9. Jump up^ Nykøbing Falster Havn. Sejlnet.dk. Hentet 19/11/2014
  10. Jump up^ Klosterkirkens history. In Danish. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  11. Jump up^ Det Sorte Geomuseum, visitdenmark.dk, hentet 29 / 6-2013
  12. Jump up^ Det Sorte Geomuseum. Den-lille-turisme.dk. Hentet 15 / 11-2013
  13. Jump up^ Det Sorte Museum Gedser Kulturhus, guldborgsund.dk, hentet 29 / 6-2013
  14. Jump up^ Movia bus routes. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  15. Jump up^ “Hvem var Marie Grubbe ???” . Guldborgsund Municipality. Archived from the original on 22 December 2009 . Retrieved 2010-07-08 .

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