Dugi Otok ( pronounced [dueɡiː ǒtok] , Croatian for “Long Island”, Italian : Isola Lunga ) is the seventh largest island in the Adriatic Sea , part of Croatia . It is located on the Dalmatian coast , west of Zadar . 44.5 km (27.7 miles) long by 4.8 km (3.0 miles) wide,  with an area of 114 square kilometers (44 miles) sq mi)  ). Its elevation reaches 300 m; and many of its higher portions contain Maritime Pine .
The western coast is large and rugged, and many of the towns are clustered on the eastern side, including Sali , the largest, Božava , Dragove , Soline , Brbinj , Luka , Polje , Verona , Savar , Veli Rat , Zaglav , and Žman . A nature park, Telašćica , covers the southern part of the island and is adjacent to Kornati Islands National Park .
The island has been inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by many archeological sites that have not fully investigated. The earliest findings back to Paleolithic , and numerous hillforts and grave sites are evidence of continuous settlement throughout Eneolithic , Bronze Age and Iron Age . 
The Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII in the 10th century, Pizuh, and later it was called Insula Tilagus in documents (“pelagos” in Greek means sea), and its Latin name was Insula maior . In the 15th century it was registered as Veli otok .
The old and main settlement on the island was located in the southern area. It has been uninhabited since the Turkishinvasions (15th-16th centuries). Until then the island belonged to Zadar monasteries and citizens.  Nowadays there is a total of 10 settlements on the island, and they are all about the island of the United States.
The village of Veli Rat is also home to the Veli Rat lighthouse, another spectacular sight. The beautiful island of Dugi Otok, with a Mediterranean climate and ancient Croatian culture, receives very few visitors. Olive oil, figs, cheese and wine accompany the seafood in the native ‘diet. A definite step back in time, the island boasts an ancient church and some Roman ruins. It is in close proximity to Kornati .
More than 1500 hectares are covered with vineyards, orchards and arable land, about 752 hectares are pasture land and about 300 hectares undergrowth which in some places is used as a forest land. The vegetation is more pronounced in the northern and central areas of the island. The south-eastern part belongs to the Kornati .
- ^ Jump up to:a b c Ostroski, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistiki ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [ Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015 ] (PDF) . Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47 . Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305 . Retrieved 27 December 2015 .
- Jump up^ “Population by Age and Sex by Settlements, 2011 Census: Dugi Otok” . Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011 . Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . December 2012.
- Jump up^ Džaja 2003, p. 13.
- Jump up^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). “Coastline lengths and areas of the islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps of the scale of 1: 25,000” (PDF) . Geoadria . Zadar . 9 (1): 5-32 . Retrieved 2011-01-21 .
- Jump up^ Čuka 2006, p. 67.
- Jump up^ Naklada Naprijed,The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 190, Zagreb (1999),ISBN 953-178-097-8