Cyclades

The Cyclades ( / s ɪ k l ə d i z / ; Greek : Κυκλάδες [ciklaðes] ) are an island group in the Aegean Sea , southeast of mainland Greece and to form administrative prefecture of Greece. They are one of the island groups which constitute the Aegean archipelago . The name refers to the islands around (κυκλάς) the sacred island of Delos . The largest island of the Cyclades is Naxos .

History

The significant Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Cycladic culture is best known for its schematic, flat idols carved out of the islands’ pure white marble centuries before the great Middle Bronze Age Minoan civilization arose in Crete to the south. (These figures have been published since the beginning of the year.) Cycladic antiquities market since the early 20th century.

A distinctive Neolithic culture amalgamating Anatolian and mainland Greek elements arose in the western Aegean before 4000 BCE, based on emerald and wild-type barley, sheep and goats, pigs, and tuna that were apparently speared from small boats (Rutter). Excavated sites include Saliagos and Kephala (on Kea ) with signs of copperworking, Each of the small Cycladic islands could support more than a few thousand people, though , and when the highly organized palace-culture of Crete arose, the islands faded into insignificance, with the exception of Delos, which retained its archaic reputation as a sanctuary throughout antiquity and until the emergence ofChristianity .

Archeology

The first archaeological excavations of the 1880s were followed by the British School of Athens and by Christos Tsountas , who investigated burial sites on several islands in 1898-1899 and coined the term “Cycladic civilization”. Interest lagged, then picked up in the mid-20th century, as collectors competed for the modern-looking figures that seemed so similar to sculpture by Jean Arp or Constantin Brâncuşi . Sites were looted and brisk trade in forges arose. The context for many of these Cycladic figurines has been largely destroyed and can not be completely understood. Another intriguing and mysterious object is that of the Cycladic frying pans. More accurate archeology has revealed the broad outlines of a farming and seafaring culture that had immigrated from Anatolia c. 5000 BCE. Early Cycladic culture evolved in three phases, between c. 3300 – 2000 BCE, when it was increased swamped in the rising influence of Minoan Crete. The culture of mainland Greece with Cycladic culture is known as the Helladic period .

In recent decades the Cyclades have become popular with European and other tourists , and have resulted in erosion , pollution , and water shortages.

Geography

The Cyclades included about 220 islands, the major ones being Amorgos , Anafi , Andros , Antiparos , Delos , Ios , Kea , Kimolos , Kythnos , Milos , Mykonos , Naxos , Paros , Folegandros , Serifos , Sifnos , Sikinos , Syros , Tinos , and Thira or Santoríni . There are also many minor islands including Donousa ,Eschati , Gyaros , Irakleia , Koufonisia , Makronisosand Schoinousa . The name “Cyclades” refers to the islands forming a circle (“circular islands”) around the sacred island of Delos. Most of the smaller islands are uninhabited.

Ermoupoli on Syros is the chief town and administrative center of the prefecture.

The islands are peaks of a submerged mountainous terrain, with the exception of two volcanic islands , Milos and Santorini. The climate is generally dry and mild, but with the exception of Naxos the soil is not very fertile; agricultural produce includes wine , fruit , wheat , olive oil , and tobacco . Cooler temperatures are higher and do not receive wintry weather.

The Cyclades are bounded to the south by the Sea of ​​Crete . [1]

Administration

The Cyclades Prefecture ( Greek : Νομός Κυκλάδων ) was one of the prefectures of Greece . As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was abolished, and its territory was divided into nine regional units of the South Aegean region:

  • Andros
  • Kea-Kythnos
  • Milos
  • Mykonos
  • Naxos
  • Paros
  • Thira
  • Syros
  • Tinos

Municipalities and communities

The prefecture was subdivided into the following municipalities and communities. These have been reorganized at the 2011 Kallikratis reform as well.

Municipality YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code
Amorgos 3101 840 08 22850-2
Andros (town) 3103 845 00 22820-2
Ano Syros 3105 841 00 22810-8
Drymalia 3107 Chalkeio Naxou 843 02 22850
Ermoupoli 3109 841 00 22810-2
Exomvourgo 3108 Kampos 842 00 22850-5
ios 3112 840 01 22860-9
Kea 3113 Ioulis 840 02 22880-2
Korthio 3115 Ormos Korthiou 845 02 22820-6
Kythnos 3117 840 06 22810-3
Milos 3118 848 00 22870-2
Mykonos 3119 846 00 22890-2
Naxos 3120 843 00 22850-2
Paros 3123 844 00 22840-2
Poseidonia 3124 841 00 22810-4
Santorini 3111 847 00 22860-2
Serifos 3125 840 02 22810-5
Sifnos 3127 840 03 22840-3
Tinos 3129 842 00 22830-2
Ydrousa 3130 Gavrio 845 01 22820-7
Community YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code
Anafi 3102 840 09 22860-6
Antiparos 3104 840 07 22840-6
Donousa 3106 843 00 22850-5
Folegandros 3131 840 11 22860
Irakleia 3110 843 00 22870-7
Kimolos 3114 840 04 22870-5
Koufonisia 3116 843 00 22870-7
Oia 3121 847 02 22860-7
Panormos 3122 842 01 22830-3
Schoinousa 3128 843 00 22870-7
Sikinos 3126 840 10 22860-5

Provinces

  • Province of Amorgos : Amorgos
  • Province of Andros : Andros
  • Province of Kea : Ioulis
  • Province of Milos : Milos
  • Province of Naxos : Naxos
  • Province of Paros : Paroikia
  • Province of Syros : Ermoupoli
  • Province of Tinos : Tinos
  • Province of Thira : Thira

Note: Provinces no longer has any legal status in Greece .

Cooking

Local specialities of the Cyclades include:

  • Brantada
  • Fava santorini (made from Lathyrus clymenum )
  • Fourtalia ( Andros )
  • Kalasouna ( Naxos )
  • Kalogeros ( Naxos )
  • Kakavia (soup)
  • Ladopita
  • Louza , similar to the Cypriot lountza
  • Mastelo ( Sifnos )
  • Strapatsada
  • Lazarakia (dessert)
  • Melopita (dessert)

Communications

Telephone

  • 22810 : Syros , including Kythnos , Serifos and Syros islands
  • 22820 : Andros
  • 22830 : Tinos
  • 22840 : Paros and Sifnos islands
  • 22850 : Amorgos and Naxos islands
  • 22860 : Folegandros , Ios , Santorini and Sikinos islands
  • 22870 : Kimolos and Milos
  • 22880 : Kea Island
  • 22890 : Mykonos

See also

  • Aegean cat
  • Nisiotika music
  • Santorini wine
  • Mosaics of Delos

Notes

  1. Jump up^ Saundry, Hogan & Baum. 2011

References

  • JA MacGillivray and RLN Barber, editors, The Prehistoric Cyclades (Edinburgh) 1984.
  • RLN Barber, The Cyclades in the Bronze Age (Iowa City) 1987.
  • Peter Saundry, Michael C. Hogan & Steve Baum. 2011. Sea of ​​Crete . Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. M. Pidwirny & C. J. Cleveland. National Council for Science and Environment. Washington DC.

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