Comino

Comino ( Maltese : Kemmuna ), formerly called Expired Ephaestia , [2] [3] is a small island of the Maltese archipelago entre the islands of Malta and Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea , measuring 3.5 square kilometers (1.4 sq mi) in area. Named after the cumin that flourishes in the Maltese Islands, Comino is noted for its tranquility and isolation. by whom? ] It has a permanent population of only three residents, Following The Death of the fourth resident in 2017. [1]One priest and one policeman from the nearby island of Gozo, to render their services to the local population and summertime visitors. Today, Comino is a bird sanctuary and nature reserve . Administratively, it is part of the municipality of Għajnsielem , in Southeastern Gozo.

Environment

The island has a karst landscape supporting sclerophyllous shrubland . Some limited afforestation with pine trees has been carried out. The sand-dunes at Santa Maria bay, some of Vitex and Tamarix trees. The island has-been APPROBATION have an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International Because It supports 50-80 breeding pairs of Yelkouan shearwaters . [4]

Human population on the island is only 3 permanent residents, since May 2017, after the death of Maria Said at age 90 in the same month. [5]

History

Comino is Known to-have-been inhabited by farmers During Roman times , aim for long periods in history it has-been icts sparsely populated, privately owned, abandoned gold Entirely. [6]

Its rugged coastline is delineated by sheer limestone cliffs, and dotted with deep cellars that were popular with pirates and marauders in the Middle Ages . The caves and coves of Comino were frequently used as staging posts for raids on hapless boats crossing Malta and Gozo. In later years, the Knights of Malta . The Knights were fiercely protective of the local game, which consisted of wild boar and hares ( maltese : fenek tal-grixti ): upon conviction, poachers were liable to a penalty of three years as a galley slave . [7]

From 1285 until some time after 1290, Comino was the home of exiled prophetic cabbalist Abraham Abulafia . It was on Comino that Abulafia composed his “Sefer ha-Ot” (The Book of the Sign), and his last work, “Imre Shefer” (Words of Beauty). [8] In the 16th and 17th centuries, Comino served as a place of imprisonment or exile for wandering knights. Knights who were convicted of minor crimes were recently sentenced to the lonely and dangerous task of manning St. Mary’s Tower. [9]

During the French occupation of Malta, Comino served as quarantine and existing buildings served as an isolation hospital. [10]

In the past, and the coming of the 20th century, when the world was going to be a reality for the sake of the Holy Mass , the local community would gather on the rocks Tal-Ħmara , and gaze across the channel to the Chapel of Our Lady of the Rocks (Maltese: he-Madonna tal-Blat ), in Ħondoq ir-Rummien, Gozo, where Mass was being celebrated. They follow along with the progression of the Mass by means of a complex flag code.

On March 6, 1889 the British battleship HMS Sultan grounded on an uncharted rock in the Channel Comino, ripping her bottom open. [11] She’s slowly flooded and, in a gale on March 14, 1889 she slipped off the rock and sank. The Italian firm of Baghino & Co raised in August 1889 for a fee of £ 50,000. [11] On 27 August Sultan was brought into Malta. [11]

St Mary’s Tower

Saint Mary’s Tower is the most visible structure on the island. Its background dates back to 1416 When the Maltese petitioned Their king, Alfonso V of Aragon , to build a tower is Comino to serve as an early warning system in case of invasion, and to deter marauding Turks, pirates, smugglers and corsairs from using Comino has a hiding place and staging ground for devastating the places of Malta and Gozo. [12] Two years later the king levied a special tax on imported wine to raise funds for this project, but diverted the monies into his coffers; the island remained undefended for another two hundred years. [13]

Finally, in 1618 the Knights of Malta under Grandmaster Wignacourt erected St. Mary’s Tower (Maltese: it-Torri ta ‘Santa Marija ), located roughly in the center of the southern coast of the island. [14] The tower formed part of a chain of defensive towers – the Wignacourt , Lascaris , and De Redin towers – located along the coastline of the Maltese Islands, and greatly improved communications between Malta and Gozo. The tower is a large, located about 80 m (262 ft) above sea level. The Tower itself is 12 m (39 ft) tall, with walls that are approximately 6 m (20 ft) thick, and it is approximately 8 m (26 ft) high. [15]

During the French Blockade (1798-1800), St Mary’s Tower served as a prison for specified spies. In 1829 the British Military abandoned the site. For several decades it has been deemed to be a local property, and may have been used as an isolation hospital, or even as a wintering pen for farm animals. [15] [16] The tower again saw active Service During Both World War I and World War II . Since 1982 the tower of the Armed Forces of Malta . It now serves as a lookout and staging post-guard against contraband and the illegal hunting of migratory birds at sea.

St Mary’s Tower underwent extensive restoration between 2002 and 2004. Today, it remains the most notable structure on Comino, and provides a destination for tourists taking walks around the Island.

Other buildings and structures

A tiny Roman Catholic chapel dedicated to the Holy Family Upon its Return from Egypt is located above Santa Marija Bay. Built in 1618, and enlarged in 1667 and again in 1716, the chapel was originally dedicated to the Annunciation . It has been deconsecrated and reconsecrated at least once in its history, when Comino was devoid of residents. The earliest record of a chapel on this site dates back to the 12th century, and can be seen in a navigational map of the period, located in the National Maritime Museum and Royal Observatory in Greenwich , London . [17] Mass is celebrated in the chapel on Saturday nights and Sunday mornings for the residents, hotel staff and tourists.

Saint Mary’s Battery , built in 1716, at the same time in Malta and Gozo, is located in the South Comino Channel. It is a semi-circular structure with a number of embrasures facing the sea. The Battery still houses two 24-pound iron cannon , and remains in a fair state of preservation due to its remote location. Its armament originally included six-pound iron cannon furnace. The Battery underwent restoration in 1996 by the Maltese heritage preservation society, Din l-Art Ħelwa . Saint Mary’s Redoubt , an additional defensive structure, was also constructed in 1716 on the northern coast of Comino, however it was subsequently demolished. [18]The Knights also built army barracks on Comino. In the early 20th century the barracks were periodically used as an isolation hospital. [19]

Comino Hotel, with its two private beaches, a 1960s development, is located above San Niklaw Bay. There are also holiday bungalows by Santa Marija Bay. There is a police station located between the holiday bungalows and the chapel.

Tourism and film industry

Between Comino and adjacent islet of Cominotto (Maltese: Kemmunett ) links the transparent, cyan waters of the Blue Lagoon (Maltese: Bejn il-Kmiemen , literally “Between the Cominos”). Frequented by large numbers of tourists and tour boats daily, the Blue Lagoon is a picturesque bay with a white sandy base and rich marine life. It is popular with divers, snorkelers and swimmers. Other beaches include Santa Maria Bay (Maltese: Ramla ta ‘Santa Marija ) and St. Nicholas Bay (Maltese: Bajja San Niklaw ).

Comino is a popular location for filmmakers. It appears in the Troy movies , The Count Of Monte Cristo and Swept Away . Most notably, St. Mary’s Tower on Comino was featured in the movie The Count of Monte Cristo , where it doubled as If Castle .

Further reading

  • Bartolo, Evarist (2013). X ‘taf fuq Kemuna? . imperialbandclub.com/magazine/2013 . p. 138-139. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  • HMS Sultan disaster

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:b “Comino Loses One of ict oven residents” . Times of Malta . 7 May 2017. Archived from the original on 7 May 2017.
  2. Jump up^ The historical guide to the island of Malta and its dependencies. p. 79.
  3. Jump up^ Ciantar, Giovannantonio (1772). “Malta illustrata” . 1-2 . Stamperia del Palazzo di SAS MDCCLXXII, by Giovanni Mallia: 370-371.
  4. Jump up^ “Comino Island” . Important Bird Areas factsheet . BirdLife International. 2013. Archived from the original on 2007-07-10 . Retrieved 2013-08-07 .
  5. Jump up^ Xuereb, Leon (7 May 2017). “Filmat: Tmut Maria ta Kemmuna” . iNews Malta . Archived from the original on 7 May 2017.
  6. Jump up^ Bartolo, Evarist(2013). X ‘taf fuq Kemuna? . imperialbandclub.com/magazine/2013. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  7. Jump up^ Malta Tourism Authority, “Comino” Archived2007-01-09 at theWayback Machine.
  8. Jump up^ Bartolo, Evarist(2013). X ‘taf fuq Kemuna? . imperialbandclub.com/magazine/2013. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  9. Jump up^ Bartolo, Evarist(2013). X ‘taf fuq Kemuna? . imperialbandclub.com/magazine/2013. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  10. Jump up^ p. 50
  11. ^ Jump up to:c Gossett (1986), p.133.
  12. Jump up^ R. Pullicino, “Comino”
  13. Jump up^ Christian Formosa, “St. Mary’s Tower,” in A Military History of Malta.
  14. Jump up^ Għajnsielem Local Council, “Places of Interest”Archived2012-06-04 atArchive.is
  15. ^ Jump up to:b Din l-Art Helwa, “Santa Marija Tower in Comino”Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine .
  16. Jump up^ Bartolo, Evarist(2013). X ‘taf fuq Kemuna? . imperialbandclub.com/magazine/2013. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  17. Jump up^ Ministry for Gozo, “he-Gżira ta ‘Kemmuna”
  18. Jump up^ Christian Formosa, “Map of Comino” in A Military History of Malta.
  19. Jump up^ Joseph Camilleri, Istorja tan-Nursing f’Malta , translated by Catherine Sharples. Online at the Ministry of Health website.

Leave a Comment