Čiovo

Čiovo (pronounced [tʃîɔv̞ɔ] ; Italian : Bua ) is a small island located off the Adriatic coast in Croatia with an area of 28.8 square kilometers (11.1 sq mi) (length 15.3 km (9.5 mi), width up to 3.5 km (2.2 mi)), [1] population of 5,908 inhabitants (2011) [2] and its highest peak is 218 m (Rudine).

The center of the island has 43 ° 30’N 16 ° 17’E , and the annual rainfall is about 900 mm (35 in).

Geography

Čiovo is located in central Dalmatia , protecting the city of Trogir and Kaštela gulf. It icts SE shares it is only two km distant from the cape Marjan , one northern ict hand it is connected to the mainland with a small bascule bridge in the old center of Trogir , Trogir and spread Itself Actually onto the island. Besides the portion of Trogir, there are several villages: Arbanija , Zedno , Okrug Gornji , Okrug Donji , Slatine and Prizidnica .

The vegetation is typically Mediterranean , consisting mainly of understory ( holm oak , myrtle , wormwood , juniper etc.). On the northern side (exposed to the wind bura ) are forests of pine and cypress . Major crops include olives , figs , almonds , vines and citrus fruit.

History

In the Middle Ages , Čiovo HAD Many villages and It was a place for lepers . Remains of the pre- Romanesque church of St. Peter have been found near Slatine, in the Supetar cove. The medieval church of St. Maurice (St. Mavro ) has been preserved in Žedno and the pre-Romanesque church of Our Lady near the Sea ( Gospa pokraj mora ). The population of Čiovo increased in the 15th century by the settlement of refugees who fled from the Turks . [3] Simultaneously, the suburban areas of Trogir also extended to Čiovo.

References

  1. Jump up^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). “Coastline lengths and areas of the islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps of the scale of 1: 25,000” (PDF) . Geoadria . Zadar . 9 (1): 5-32 . Retrieved 2011-01-21 .
  2. Jump up^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistiki ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [ Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015 ] (PDF) . Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47 . Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . p. 47. ISSN  1333-3305 . Retrieved 27 December 2015 .
  3. Jump up^ Croatia by Robin and Jenny McKelvie

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