South Uist ( Scottish Gaelic : Uibhist a Deas ) is the second-largest island of the Outer Hebrides in to date. In the northwest, there is a missile testing range. Its inhabitants are known in Gaelic as Deasaich (Southerners).Scotland. At the 2011 census, it had a usually resident population of 1,754, a fall of 64 since 2001. There is a nature reserve and a number of sites of archaeological interest, including the only location in Great Britain where prehistoric mummies have been found. The population is about 90% Roman Catholic. The island, in common with the rest of the Hebrides, is one of the last remaining strongholds of the Gaelic language in Scotland. In 2006 South Uist, and neighbouring Benbecula and Eriskay, were involved in Scotland’s biggest community land buyout
Jura ( / dʒ ʊər ə / joor -ə ; Scottish Gaelic : Diùra [tʲuːɾə] ) is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, adjacent to and to the north-east of Islay . Compared with its fertile and more populous neighbor, the Jura is mountainous, bare and infertile, covered largely by large areas of blanket bog , hence its small population. In the list of the islands of Scotland , Jura comes eighth. It is in the Argyll and Bute area .
Arran or the Isle of Arran ( / æ r ən / ; Scottish Gaelic : Eilean Arainn pronounced [elan arɪɲ] ), at 432 square kilometers (167 sq mi), is the Largest island in the Firth of Clyde and the seventh Largest Scottish island. Historically part of Buteshire , it is in the unitary council area of North Ayrshire . In the 2011 census it had a resident population of 4,629. Though culturally and physically similar to the Hebrides , it is separated from the Kintyrepeninsula. It is divided into highland and lowland areas by the Highland Boundary Fault and has been described as a “geologist’s paradise”. 
The Mainland is the main island of Orkney , Scotland . Both of Orkney’s burghs , Kirkwall and Stromness , lie on the island, which is also the heart of Orkney’s ferry and air connections.
Seventy-five percent of Orkney’s population live on the island, which is more densely populated than the other islands of the archipelago. The lengthy history of the island has many important archaeological sites and the sandstone bedrock provides a platform for fertile farmland. There is an abundance of wildlife, especially seabirds.
Islay ( / aɪ the ə / ( listen ) EYE -lə ; Scottish Gaelic : Ìle , pronounced [iːlə] ) is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. Known as “The Queen of the Hebrides “,  it lies in Argyll just south of Jura and around 40 kilometers (25 mi) north of the Irish coast. The island’s capital is Bowmore, where the distinctive round Kilroy Parish Church and a distillery are located.  Port Ellen is the main port. 
Mull ( Scottish Gaelic : muilë , pronounced [mulʲə] ) is the second Largest island of the Inner Hebrides (after Skye ), off the west coast of Scotland in the council area of Argyll and Bute .
With an area of 875.35 square kilometers (337.97 sq mi) Mull is the fourth largest Scottish island and the fourth largest outside Great Britain (excluding Ireland). In the 2011 census the usual resident population of Mull was 2,800  to a slight increase on the 2001 figure of 2,667;  in the summer this is supplemented by many tourists. Much of the population lives in Tobermory , the only burgh on the island until 1973, and its capital.
The Mainland is the main island of Shetland , Scotland . The island contains Shetland ‘s only burgh , Lerwick , and is the center of Shetland’ s ferry and air connections.
It has an area of 374 square miles (970 km 2 ), making it the third-largest Scottish island and the fifth largest of the British Isles after Great Britain , Ireland , Lewis and Harris and Skye .
Skye , or the Isle of Skye ( / s k aɪ / ; Scottish Gaelic : An t-Eilean Sgitheanach gold Eilean a ‘Cheo ) is the Largest and northernmost of the major islands in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland . [Note 1] The island’s peninsulas radiates from a mountainous center dominated by the Cuillins , the rocky slopes of which provide some of the most dramatic mountain scenery in the country.   Although it has been suggested that the Gaelic Sgitheanach describes a winged shape there is no definitive agreement to the name of origins.
Lewis and Harris ( Scottish Gaelic : Leòdhas agus na Hearadh ) is a Scottish island in the Outer Hebrides . It is the largest island in Scotland and the third largest in the British Isles , after Great Britain and Ireland .
The northern part of the island is called Lewis , the southern is Harris and they are often referred to as if they are separate islands. The boundary between Lewis and Harris is on the island between Loch Resort ( Reasort , opposite Scarp ) and Loch Seaforth ( Shiophoirt ) on the east (north of the more obvious isthmus at Tarbert).
The outlying islands of Scotland are not part of the larger archipelagos and island groups of Scotland and are therefore not part of the Hebrides , the Northern Isles or the Islands of the Forth and Clyde estuaries. None of these islands ares currently inhabited And Few of Them Were ever, ALTHOUGH Hirta Was occupied from the Neolithic age up to 1930 and Stroma Was Permanently occupied up to the 1970s and thereafter by lighthouse keepers and Their families up to 1996.   Several other outlying islands have lighthouses, none of which are still manned.
The Islands of the Forth are a group of small islands located in the Firth of Forth and in the estuary of the River Forth on the east coast of Scotland. Most of the group in the open waters of the firth , between the Lothians and Fife , with the majority to the east of the city of Edinburgh . Two islands lie further west in the river estuary.
The Islands of the Firth of Clyde are the fifth largest of the Scottish island groups after the Inner and Outer Hebrides , Orkney and Shetland . They are situated in the Firth of Clydebetween Ayrshire and Argyll and Bute . There are about forty islands and skerries , of qui only four are inhabited and only nine larger than 40 hectares (99 acres). [Note 1] The largest and most populous are Arran and Bute , and Great Cumbrae and Holy Isleare also served by dedicated ferry routes.   The Scottish archipelagos is another example of this.
The geology and geomorphology of the area is complex and the surrounding sea lochs each have distinctive features. The influence of the Atlantic Ocean and the North Atlantic Driftcreates a mild, damp oceanic climate.
This List of Inner Hebrides is a chain of islands and skerries located on the west coast of mainland Scotland . There are 36 inhabited islands in this archipelago , of which Islay , Mulland Skye are the largest and most populous.
The islands of Scotland are known collectively as Hebrides ; the Inner Hebrides are separated from the Outer Hebrides by The Minch to the north and the Sea of the Hebrides to the south. The Inner Hebrides of Ardnamurchan are governed by two separate local authorities as part of larger territories. The Northern Inner Hebrides, including Skye, the Small Islandsand the Summer Isles , are part of the Highland Unitary Council region. The southern group, including Islay, Jura, the Slate Islands and Gigha are part of the Argyll and Bute council region.
The Outer Hebrides is a chain of more than 100 islands and small skerries located about 70 kilometers (43 mi) west of mainland Scotland . There are 15 uninhabited islands in this archipelago , which are also known as Western Isles and Long Island Archaic ( Scottish Gaelic : An t-Eilean Fada ). [Note 1]
Lewis and Harris is the largest island in Scotland and the third largest in the British Isles , after Great Britain and Ireland.  It Incorporates Lewis in the north and Harris in the south, both, of qui are frequently Referred to as individual islands, ALTHOUGH They Are joined by a land border. [Note 2] The largest settlement in Lewis and the Outer Hebrides is Stornoway .
This is a list of Orkney islands in Scotland . The Orkney archipelago is located 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) north of mainland Scotland and includes over 70 islands and skerries , of which 20 are permanently inhabited. In addition to the Orkney Mainland there are three groups of islands. The North and South Isles is located in Mainland. The Pentland Skerries are a group of small islands in the Pentland Firth , a dangerous stretch of water between mainland Scotland and the larger islands of Orkney, through which the strongest tidal streams in Britain.  The Isle of Stromais often mistakenly included with the Orkney Islands, but is part of Caithness .
This is a list of Shetland islands in Scotland . The Shetland Archipelago is located 100 kilometers (62 mi) north of mainland Scotland and the capital Lerwick is almost equidistant from Bergen in Norway and Aberdeen in Scotland. The Shetland archipelago is about 300 islands and skerries , of which 16 are inhabited. In addition to the Shetland mainland the larger islands are Unst , Yell and Fetlar .
The Isles of Scilly ( / s ɪ l i / ; Cornish : Syllan gold Enesek Syllan ) are an archipelago off the southwestern tip of Cornwall . One of the islands, St Agnes , is the most southerly point in both England and the United Kingdom , being over 4 miles (6.4 km) further south than the most southerly point of the British mainland at Lizard Point .
Lundy is the largest island in the Bristol Channel . It lies 12 miles (19 km) off the coast of Devon , England,  in the district of Torridge , about a third of the distance from Devon, England to South Wales . Lundy gives its name to a British sea area and is one of the islands of England .  Lundy has-been designated by Natural England as national character area 159, one of England’s natural areas . 
Wallasea Island lies in Essex , England . It is bound to the north by the River Crouch , to the south by the River Roach , and to the west by Paglesham Pool and the narrow Paglesham Creek . The population of the Island is included in the civil parish of Canewdon .
Much of the island is farmland , and wheat is the main crop. A small settlement at its western end is linked to a campsite and marina . It is linked by ferry to Burnham-on-Crouch .
The Isle of Walney , also known as Walney Island , is an island off the west coast of England , at the western end of Morecambe Bay . It forms part of the town of Barrow-in-Furness , and it is separated from mainland Barrow by Walney Channel, a narrow channel which is spanned by the Jubilee Bridge . Walney is the largest island of the Furness Islands group, both in population and size, and is the largest in the Irish Sea . Its population at the 2011 UK Census was 10,651, distributed evenly across the island’s two Wards ofWalney North and Walney South . 
Mersea Island / m ɜːr z i /  is an island in Essex , England, in the Blackwater and Colne estuaries to the south-east of Colchester . Its name comes from the Old English word meresig , meaning “island of the pool”. The island is divided into two main areas, West Mersea and East Mersea , and connected to the mainland by the Strood, a cause that can flood at high tide.
Canvey Island is a civil parish and reclaimed island in the Thames estuary in Essex , England. It has an area of 7.12 square miles (18.44 km 2 ) and a population of 38,170. Essex by a network of creeks. The only exception is the flood of exceptional tides, but it has been inhabited since the Roman invasion of Britain.
Portsea Island is a flat, low-lying island measuring 24 square kilometers (9 sq mi) in area, just off the southern coast of England . The island is located within the traditional county of Hampshire and contains the vast majority of Portsmouth .
Portsea Island has the third largest population of the British Isles after the mainlands of Great Britain and Ireland ; it also has the highest population density.
Foulness ( / f aʊ the n ɛ s / ) is an island on the east coast of Essex in England , qui is separated from the mainland by narrow creeks . In the 2001 census, the usually resident population was 212, living in the settlements of Churchend and Courtsend, at the end of the island. The population reduced to 151 at the 2011 Census.  The island has a general store and post office . The George and Dragon Churchend pub closed in 2007, while the church closed in May 2010.
Hayling Island is an island off the south coast of England, in the borough of Havant in the county of Hampshire , near Portsmouth .
The Isle of Sheppey is an island off the northern coast of Kent , England in the Thames Estuary , some 46 miles (74 km) to the east of London . It has an area of 36 square miles (93 km 2 ). The island forms part of the local government district of Swale . Sheppey is derived from the ancient Saxon “Sceapige”, meaning isle of sheep, and even today the extensive marshes which make up a large proportion of the island.
The Isle of Wight / w aɪ t / (Referred to informally as ‘IOW’  or ‘The Island’) is a county and the Largest and second-most populous island in England. It is in the English Channel , about 2 miles (3.2 km) off the coast of Hampshire , separated by the Solent . The island-have beens HAS resorts That holiday destinations since Victorian times , and is Known for icts mild climate, coastal scenery, and verdant landscape of fields, downland and chines .
Ireland ( / aɪər the ə n d / ( listen ) ; Irish : Éire [eːɾʲə] ( listen ) ; Ulster-Scots : Airlann [ɑːrlən] ) is an island in the North Atlantic . It is separated from Great Britain by the North Channel , the Irish Sea , and St George’s Channel . Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles , thethird-largest in Europe , and the twentieth-largest on Earth . 
Great Britain , also known as Britain , is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe . With an area of 209,331 km 2 (80,823 sq mi), Great Britain is the largest of the British Isles , the largest European island , and the ninth-largest island in the world .  [note 1] In 2011 the island had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world’s third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan .  The island of Ireland is situated in the west of theisland, and together with theseislands , including the British Isles archipelago.