Lesbos

Lesbos ( / l ɛ z b ɒ s / , US : / l ɛ z b oʊ s / ; Greek : Λέσβος Lesvos , pronounced [Lezvos] ), sometimes Referred to as Mytilini after- ict capital , is a Greek island Located in the northeastern Aegean Sea . It has an area of ​​1,633 km 2 (631 sq mi) [1] with 320 kilometers (199 miles) ofcoastline , making it the third largest island in Greece . It is separated from Turkey by the narrow Mytilini Strait and in late Palaeolithic / Mesolithic times [2] was joined to the Anatolian mainland before the end of the last glacial period .

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Rhodes

Rhodes ( Greek : Ρόδος , Ródos [roðos] ) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece in the area of ​​the island group of historical capital. Administratively the island forms a separate municipality dans le Rhodes regional unit , qui est share of the South Aegean Administrative Region . The main town of the island is Rhodes . [2] The city of Rhodes had 50,636 inhabitants in 2011. It is located northeast of Crete , southeast of Athens and just off the Anatolian coastTurkey . Rhodes’ nickname is The island of the Knights , named after the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem , who ounce conquered the land. [3]

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Chios

Chios ( / k aɪ . Ɒ s / ; Greek : Χίος , translit.  HIOS ; Ancient Greek : Χίος , translit.  Chios ) is the fifth of the Largest Greek Islands , Situated in the Aegean Sea , 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) off the Anatolian coast. The island is separated from Turkey by the Chios Strait . Chios is notable for its exports of mastic gum and its nickname is the Mastic Island. Tourist attractions include its medieval villages and the 11th-century Monastery of Nea Moni , a UNESCO World Heritage Site .

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Cyclades

The Cyclades ( / s ɪ k l ə d i z / ; Greek : Κυκλάδες [ciklaðes] ) are an island group in the Aegean Sea , southeast of mainland Greece and to form administrative prefecture of Greece. They are one of the island groups which constitute the Aegean archipelago . The name refers to the islands around (κυκλάς) the sacred island of Delos . The largest island of the Cyclades is Naxos .

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Dodecanese

The Dodecanese ( UK : / ˌ of oʊ d ɪ k ə n i z / , US : / d oʊ ˌ d ɛ k ə n i z / ; Greek : Δωδεκάνησα , Dodekanisa [Dodekanisa] , literally “twelve islands”) are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea , off the coast ofAsia Minor ( Turkey ), of which 26 are uninhabited. Islandhis island group defines the eastern limit of the Sea of ​​Crete . [1] They belong to the Southern Sporades island group.

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Sporades

The ( Northern ) Sporades ( / s p ɒr ə d i z / ; Greek : Βόρειες Σποράδες ) are an archipelago along the east coast of Greece , Northeast of the island of Euboea , [1] in the Aegean Sea . They consist of 24 islands, which are permanently inhabited: Alonnisos , Skiathos , Skopelos and Skyros . [1] They may also be referred to the Thessalian Sporades (Θεσσαλικές Σποράδες).

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North Aegean islands

The North Aegean Islands are a number of Aegean Sea , also known as the Northeast Aegean islands , belonging to Greece and Turkey . The islands do not form a physical chain or group, but are often grouped together for tourist or administrative purposes. To the south are the Dodecanese islands; and to the west are the Cyclades and Sporadesislands.

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Ionian Islands

The Ionian Islands ( Modern Greek : Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia , Ancient Greek , Katharevousa : Ἰόνιοι Νῆσοι, Ionioi Nēsoi , Italian : Isole Ionia ) are a group of islands in Greece . They are traditionally called the Heptanese , ie “the Seven Islands” ( Greek : Ἑπτάνησα, Heptanēsa or Ἑπτάνησος, Heptanēsos ; Italian : Eptaneso), but the group includes many smaller ones.

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Krk

Krk ( pronounced [kr̩k] ; German: Vegl ; Latin : Curicta ; Italian : Veglia ; Vegliot Dalmatian : Vikla ; Ancient Greek Kyrikon , Κύρικον) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea , located near Rijeka in the Bay of Kvarner and of Primorje-Gorski Kotar county . Traditionally, Krk had been thought to be the largest Adriatic island, with an area of ​​405.78 km 2 (156.67 sq mi), [2] [3]until geographical survey and remeasurements done in 2011 determined that the neighboring island of Cres has an equal surface area. Krk is the most populous island in the Adriatic Sea , with multiple towns and cities that total a total of 19,383 (2011) inhabitants.

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Rab

Rab ( Latin : Arba , Italian : Arbe , German : Arbey ) is an island in Croatia and a town of the same name located just off the northern Croatian coast in the Adriatic Sea .

The island is 22 km (14 mi) long, has an area of ​​93.6 km 2 (36 sq mi) [1] and 9,328 inhabitants (2011). [2] The highest peak is Kamenjak at 408 m. The northeastern side of the island is mostly barren, karst , while the southwestern side is covered by one of the last oak forests of the Mediterranean.

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Cres

Cres ( pronounced [t͡srɛːs] ; Italian : Cherso , German : Kersch , Latin : Crepsa , Greek : Χέρσος, Chersos ) is an Adriatic island in Croatia . It is one of the northern islands in the Kvarner Gulf and can be reached via ferry from Rijeka , the island Krk or from the Istrian peninsula ( Brestova – Porozina line ).

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Hvar

Hvar ( pronounced [xv̞âːr] ; local Chakavian dialect : Hvor or For , Greek : Pharos, Φάρος , Latin : Pharia , Italian : Lesina ) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea , located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brač , Vis and Korčula . Approximately 68 km (42.25 mi) long, [1] with a high east-west ridge of Mesozoic limestone anddolomite , the island of Hvar is unusual in the area for having a large fertile coastal plain, and fresh water springs. Its hillsides are covered in pine forests, with vineyards, olive groves, fruit orchards and lavender fields in the agricultural areas. The climate is characterized by mild winters, and warm summers with many hours of sunshine. [2] The island has 11,103 [3] residents, making it the 4th most populated of the Croatian islands .

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Mljet

Mljet ( pronounced [mʎɛt] ; Latin : Melita , Italian : Meleda ) is The Most southerly and easterly of the larger Adriatic islands of the Dalmatia area of Croatia . The National Park includes the western part of the island, Veliko jezero, Malo jezero, Soline Bay and a sea belt 500 m wide from the most prominent cape of Mljet covering an area of ​​54 km 2 . [1] The central parts of the park are Veliko jezero with the Isle of St. Mary, Malo jezero and the villages of Goveđari, Polače and Pomena .[2] [3]

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Brac

Brač ( pronounced [brâːtʃ] ; local Chakavian : Broč , pronounced [broːtʃ] ; Latin : Bretia , Brattia ; Italian : Brazza ) is an island in the Adriatic Sea within Croatia , with an area of ​​396 square kilometers (153 sq mi), [1] making it the largest island in Dalmatia , and the third largest in the Adriatic. It is separated from the mainland by the Brač Channel , which is 5 to 13 km (3 to 8 mi) wide. [2]The island’s tallest peak, Vidova Gora , or Mount St. Vid, stands at 780 m, [3] making it The Highest point of island in the Adriatic. The island has a population of 13,956, [1]living in many settlements, ranging from the main town to Supetar , with more than 3,300 inhabitants, to Murvica , where less than two dozen people live. Airport on Brač is the largest airport in Split .

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Korcula

Korcula ( Croatian: [kɔːrtʃula] ( listen )About this sound  ; Italian : Curzola , Greek : Κόρκυρα Μέλαινα , Korkyra Melaina , Latin : Corcyra Nigra, Korkyra Melaina , Old-Slavic Krkar ) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea . It has an area of ​​279 km 2 (108 sq mi); 46.8 km (29.1 mi) long and is average 7.8 km (4.8 mi) wide [2] – and lies just off the Dalmatiancoast. Its 15,522 inhabitants (2011) make it the most populous Adriatic island after Krk [3] and the most populous Croatian island not connected to the mainland by a bridge. The population is almost entirely ethnic Croats (95.74%). [4] The island is twinned with Rothesay in Scotland.

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Lastovo

Lastovo ( pronounced [lâstɔv̞ɔ] ; Italian : Lagosta , German : Augusta , Latin : Augusta Insula , Greek : Ladestanos , Illyrian : Ladest ) is an island municipality in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County in Croatia . The municipality Consists of 46 islands with a total population of 792 people, [3] of qui 93% are ethnic Croats , and a land area of 53 square kilometers Approximately (20 sq mi). [4][5] The biggest island in the municipality is also named Lastovo, as is the largest town. The majority of the population lives on the 46 square kilometers (18 sq mi) island of Lastovo.

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Vir

Vir ( pronounced [v̞îːr] , Italian : Puntadura , Dalmatian : Punta de Ura ), an island on the Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea with an area of ​​22 km 2 , [1] lies north of the city of Zadar . It is connected to the mainland via a road bridge . The main village on the island, the eponymous village of Vir, had a population of 1,608 as of 2001. There are two more villages, Lozice and Torovi. The highest peak on the island is Bandira (112 m).

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Molat

Molat (pronounced [mɔ̌lat] ; Italian : Melada ) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea . It is located near Zadar , southeast of Ist , separated by Zapuntel strait. It has an area of ​​22.82 km 2 (8.81 sq mi). [1] [2]

Molat (population 107), Zapuntel (pop 42) and Brgulje (pop 48), [3] and they are situated in the interior of the island, and smaller hamlets are on the seaside. Main industries on the island are agriculture , sheep breeding , fishing and tourism . [4] [5]

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Ugljan

Ugljan ( pronounced [ɡʎɡʎan] ; Italian : Ugliano ) is a Croatian island and the first in the Zadar Archipelago . It is located northwest of the island of Pašman and southeast of the islands of Rivanj and Sestrunj . Separated from the mainland by the Zadar Channel, it is connected with the island of Pašman by the Ždrelac Bridge spanning the Ždrelac Strait . Area 50.21 km 2(19.39 sq mi), population 6.049 (2011), length 22 km (14 mi), width to 3.8 km (2.4 mi). [2]

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Solta

Šolta ( pronounced [ʃɔːlta] ; Italian : Solta ; Latin : Solentium ) is an island in Croatia . It is situated in the Adriatic Sea in the central Dalmatian archipelago , west of the island of Brač , south of Split (separated by Split Channel ) and east of the Drvenik islands, Drvenik Mali and Drvenik Veli (separated by the Šolta Channel ). [2] Its area is 58.98 km [3][4] and it has a population of 1,700 (as of 2011). [1]

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Lošinj

Lošinj ( pronounced [lɔ̌ʃiːɲ] , Italian : Lussino , Venetian : Lusin , German : Lötzing ) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea , in the Kvarner Gulf . It is almost due south of the city of Rijeka and part of the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County .

The settlements on Lošinj include Nerezine , Sveti Jakov , Ćunski , Artatore , Mali Lošinj and Veli Lošinj .

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Dugi Otok

Dugi Otok ( pronounced [dueɡiː ǒtok] , Croatian for “Long Island”, Italian : Isola Lunga ) is the seventh largest island in the Adriatic Sea , part of Croatia . It is located on the Dalmatian coast , west of Zadar . 44.5 km (27.7 miles) long by 4.8 km (3.0 miles) wide, [3] with an area of ​​114 square kilometers (44 miles) sq mi) [4] ). Its elevation reaches 300 m; and many of its higher portions contain Maritime Pine .

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Pag (island)

Pag (pronounced [paːɡ] ; Latin : Pagus , Italian : Pago , German : Baag ) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea . It is the fifth-largest island of the Croatian coast, and the one with the longest coastline. [3]

In the 2011 census, the population of the island was 9,059. [1] There are two towns on the island, Pag and Novalja , as well as many smaller villages and tourist places. Pag is the only Croatian island that is administratively divided between two counties . Its northern part belongs to Lika-Senj County , while the central and southern parts belong to Zadar County . [3]

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Saronic Islands

The Saronic Islands or Argo-Saronic Islands is an archipelago in Greece , named after the Saronic Gulf in which they are located, just off the Greek mainland . [1] The main inhabited islands of this group are Salamis , Aegina , Agistri , and Poros . The islands of Hydra and Dokos , which are part of the Peloponnese (technically between the Saronic Gulf and the Argolic Gulf ), are sometimes included as part of the Saronic Islands. [2]

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Euboea

Euboea or Evia [1] ( / Ju b i ə / ; Greek : Εύβοια , Evvoia , pronounced [Evia] ; Ancient Greek : Εὔβοια , EUBOIA , [eúboja] ) is the second-largest Greek island in area and population, after- Crete . The narrow Euripus Strait separates it from Boeotia in mainland Greece. In general outline it is a long and narrow island; It is about 180 km (110 mi) long, and varies in breadth from 50 km (31 mi) to 6 km (3.7 mi). Its geographic orientation is from northwest to southeast, and it is part of the chain that bounds Thessaly on the east, and is continued south of Euboea in the lofty islands of Andros , Tinos and Mykonos .

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St Paul’s Island

St Paul’s Island ( Maltese : Il-Gżejjer ta ‘San Pawl ), Also Known As Selmunett , is a small island off Selmun near the north-east of the main island of Malta . St Paul’s Island is sometimes divided into two islands by a shallow isthmus, and it is considered as part of St Paul’s Islands . St Paul’s Island has been uninhabited since World War II, and it is the second largest uninhabited island of Malta, having an area of ​​0.1 square kilometers (0.04 square miles). [1]

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Pantelleria

Pantelleria ( Sicilian : Pantiddirìa ), the ancient Cossyra ( Arabic : قوصرة Qawṣirah , Maltese : Qawsra , now Pantellerija , Ancient Greek Kossyra , Κοσσύρα), is an Italian island in the Strait of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea , 100 km (62 miles) southwest of Sicily and 60 km (37 miles) east of the Tunisian coast. Tunisia is visible on clear days. Administratively Pantelleria is a comune belonging to the Sicilian province of Trapani .

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Manoel Island

Manoel Island ( Maltese : Il-Gżira Manoel ) is a small island qui forms share of the municipality of Gżira in Marsamxett Harbor , Malta . It is named after the Grand Master António Manoel of Vilhena , who built a fort on the island in the 1720s. Previously, the island had been known as Isolotto or Isola del Vescovo ( Maltese : Il-Gżira tal-Isqof ).

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Malta (island)

Malta is the largest of the three major islands that make up the Maltese archipelago. It is sometimes referred to as Valletta for statistical purposes to distinguish the country from the entire country. Malta is in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea directly south of Italy and north of Libya . The island is 27 kilometers (17 mi) long and 14.5 kilometers (9 mi) wide, with a total area of ​​246 square kilometers (95 mi). The capital is Valletta , largest locality is Birkirkara . The island is made up of many small towns, which together form Larger Urban Zonewith a population of 409,259. The landscape is characterized by low hills with terraced fields.

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Gozo

Gozo ( / ɡ oʊ . Z oʊ / ; Maltese : Għawdex , pronounced [aˤːw.dɛʃ] , [2] formerly Gaulos ) [3] [4] is an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea . The island is part of Malta . After the island of Malta itself, it is the second-largest island in the archipelago. Compared to its southeastern neighbor, Gozo is more rural and known for its scenic hills, which are featured on its coat of arms .[5]

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Fungus Rock

Fungus Rock , known as Mushroom Rock , [2] and among the Maltese as He-Ġebla tal-Ġeneral (English: The General’s Rock ), is a small islet in the form of a massive 60-meter-high (200 ft) lump of limestone at the entrance to an almost circular black lagoon in Dwejra , on the coast of Gozo , an island in the Maltese archipelago . Fungus Rock is located at 36 ° 02’45 “N 14 ° 11’27” E and falls within the jurisdiction of San Lawrenz .

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Elba

Elba ( Italian : Elba isola , pronounced [iːzola delba] , Latin : Ilva , Ancient Greek : Αἰθαλία, Aithalia ) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany , Italy , 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) from the coastal town of Piombino . Elba is the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago . Elba is also part of the Arcipelago Toscano National Park , [2] and the third largest island in Italy , after Sicily and Sardinia. It is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea , about 50 kilometers (30 mi) east of the French island of Corsica .

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Corsica

Corsica ( / k ɔːr s ɪ k ə / ; French: Corse [kɔʁs] ; Corsica in Corsican and Italian , pronounced [korsiga] and [kɔrsika] respectivement), is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France . It is located southeast of the French mainland and the Italian Peninsula , with the nearest land mass being the Italian island of Sardiniato the immediate south. A single chain of mountains makes up two-thirds of the island.

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Ischia

Ischia ( Italian pronunciation: [iskja] ) is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea . It lies at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples , about 30 kilometers (19 miles) from the city of Naples . It is the largest of the Phlegrean Islands . Roughly trapezoidal, it measures approximately 10 km (6 miles) east to west and 7 km (4 miles) north to south and has about 34 km (21 miles) of coastline and a surface area of ​​46.3 square kilometers (17.9 sq mi). It is almost entirely mountainous; the highest peak is Mount Epomeo , at 788 meters (2.585 feet). [2]The island is very densely populated, with 60,000 residents (more than 1,300 inhabitants per square km). quote needed ]

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Filfla

Filfla is a small, mostly barren, uninhabited islet 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) south of Malta , and is the most southerly point of the Maltese Archipelago . Filflu (or filfluu ), a small rocky islet some 102 meters (335 feet) southwest of Filfla, [1] has the southernmost point of Malta. The name is believed to come from felfel , the Arabic for a peppercorn . [2]

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Fungus Rock

Fungus Rock , known as Mushroom Rock , [2] and among the Maltese as He-Ġebla tal-Ġeneral (English: The General’s Rock ), is a small islet in the form of a massive 60-meter-high (200 ft) lump of limestone at the entrance to an almost circular black lagoon in Dwejra , on the coast of Gozo , an island in the Maltese archipelago . Fungus Rock is located at 36 ° 02’45 “N 14 ° 11’27” E and falls within the jurisdiction of San Lawrenz .

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Comino

Comino ( Maltese : Kemmuna ), formerly called Expired Ephaestia , [2] [3] is a small island of the Maltese archipelago entre the islands of Malta and Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea , measuring 3.5 square kilometers (1.4 sq mi) in area. Named after the cumin that flourishes in the Maltese Islands, Comino is noted for its tranquility and isolation. by whom? ] It has a permanent population of only three residents, Following The Death of the fourth resident in 2017. [1]One priest and one policeman from the nearby island of Gozo, to render their services to the local population and summertime visitors. Today, Comino is a bird sanctuary and nature reserve . Administratively, it is part of the municipality of Għajnsielem , in Southeastern Gozo.

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Balearic Islands

The Balearic Islands ( / ˌ b æ l i ær ɪ k aɪ the ə n d z / ; Catalan : Balearic Islands , pronounced [iʎəz bələas] ; Spanish : Balearic Islands , [1] [2] [3] pronounced [ Arelas baleaɾes] ) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea , near the eastern coast of theIberian Peninsula .

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