Franz Josef Land

Franz Josef Land , Franz Joseph Land or Francis Joseph’s Land ( Russian : Земля Франца-Иосифа , tr. Zemlya Frantsa-Iosifa ) is an archipelago , inhabited only by Russian military personal basis [1] Located in the Arctic Ocean , Barents Sea and Kara Sea , constituting the northernmost part of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia. It consists of 191 islands, which cover an area of ​​16,134 square kilometers (6,229 sq mi), stretching 375 kilometers (233 mi) from east to west and 234 kilometers (145 mi) from north to south. The islands are categorized in three groups, a western, central and eastern, separated by the British Channel and the Austrian Strait . The central group is further divided into a northern and southern section by the Markham Strait . The largest island is Prince George Land , which measures 2,741 square kilometers (1,058 sq mi), followed by Wilczek Land , Graham Bell Island and Alexandra Land .

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Novaya Zemlya

Novaya Zemlya ( Russian : Новая Земля , IPA: [novəjə zʲɪmlʲa] , lit. new land ), also known as Nova Zembla (especially in Dutch ), is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean in northern Russia and the extreme northeast of Europe , the easternmost point of Europe lying at Cape Flissingsky on the Northern island. Novaya Zemlya is composed of two islands, the southern Severny Island and the southern Yuzhny Island , which are separated byMatochkin Strait . Administratively , it is incorporated as Novaya Zemlya District , one of the twenty-one in Arkhangelsk Oblast , Russia. [1] Municipally , it is incorporated as Novaya Zemlya Urban Okrug . [2]

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October Revolution Island

October Revolution Island (Russian: Остров Октябрьской Революции, Ostrov Oktyabrskoy Revolyutsii ) is the largest island of the Severnaya Zemlya group in the Russian Arctic .

The area of ​​this island has been estimated at 14,170 km 2 (5,470 sq mi) making it the 59th largest island in the world . [1] It rises to a height of 965 m (3,166 ft) on Mount Karpinsky . Half the island is covered with glaciers reaching down into the sea. In the sections free from ice, the vegetation is desert or tundra .

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Severnaya Zemlya

Severnaya Zemlya (Russian: Северная Земля (Northern Land), pronounced [sʲevʲɪrnəjə zʲɪmlʲa] ) is a 37,000-square-kilometer (14,286-square-mile) archipelago in the Russian High Arctic . It lies off Siberia ‘s Taymyr Peninsula , separated from the mainland by the Vilkitsky Strait . This archipelago separates two marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean, the Kara Sea in the west and the Laptev Sea in the east.

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Schmidt Island

Schmidt Island ( Russian : Остров Шмидта ) is part of the Severnaya Zemlya group in the Russian Arctic and was named after Otto Schmidt , chief scientist and chief of the Northern Sea Route . It is located at the far northwestern end of the archipelago and lies slightly south of the Arctic Cape on Komsomolets Island.

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