Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island located in the Arctic Ocean . It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest) and 373 km 2 (144 sq mi) in area, partly covered by glaciers (an area of 114.2 km (71.0 mi) around the Beerenberg volcano ). [ Dubious – the Chat ] It has two parts: larger Northeast North-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide isthmus . It lies 600 km (370 mi) northeast of Iceland (495 km (305 mi) NE of Kolbeinsey ), 500 km (310 mi) east of central Greenlandand 1,000 km (620 mi) west of the North Cape, Norway . The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg volcano in the north. The Sørlaguna (South Lagoon), and Nordlaguna (North Lagoon) are two of the largest islands in the island . A third lake is called Ullerenglaguna (Ullereng Lagoon). Jan Mayen was formed by the Jan Mayen hotspot .
Svalbard ( sv pronunciationlbɑː , svɑl- / ; ) . [Translation ] [ pronunciation: [sʋɑ (ː) lbɑːɾ] ; prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen , meaning “jagged mountains”) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean . Situated north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between continental Norway and the North Pole . The islands of the group range from 74 ° to 81 ° north latitude, and from 10 ° to 35 ° east longitude. The largest island is Spitsbergen , followed byNordaustlandet and Edgeøya . Administratively, the archipelago is not part of any Norwegian county , but forms an unincorporated area governed by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government. Since 2002 Svalbard’s main settlement, Longyearbyen , HAS Review: had an Elected local government , Somewhat similar to mainland Municipalities . Other activities include the Russian mining community of Barentsburg , the research station of Ny-Ålesund , and the mining outpost of Sveagruva. Ny-Ålesund is the northernmost settlement in the world with a permanent civilian population. Other settlements are farther north, but are populated only by rotating groups of researchers.