Anglesey

Anglesey ( / æ ŋ . Ɡ ə l . S i / ; Welsh : Ynys Môn [ənɨs MON] ) is an island off the north-west coast of Wales . With an area of ​​276 square miles (715 km 2 ), [1] is the largest island in Wales and the seventh largest in the British Isles . Anglesey is also the largest island in the Irish Sea by area , and the second most populous island (after the Isle of Man ). [2] The population at the2011 census was 69,751. [3] Two bridges span the Menai Strait , connecting to the mainland: the Menai Suspension Bridge , designed by Thomas Telford in 1826, and the Britannia Bridge .

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Caldey Island

Caldey ( Welsh : Ynys Bŷr ) is a small island off the SW coast of mainland Wales , near Tenby in Pembrokeshire . [2] With a Recorded history going back over 1500 years, it is Known as one of Holy Islands of Britain, and a number of traditions inherited from Celtic times are Observed by the Cistercian monks Who Are The chief Gutman and owners of the island today . [3]

At its closest point, Caldey lies 1 kilometer (0.6 mi) south of the mainland, though the usual access to the island by Tenby which is 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) to the north.

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Ramsey Island

Ramsey Island ( Welsh : Ynys Dewi ) is an island about 1 km off the coast of St David’s peninsula in Pembrokeshire on the northern side of St Brides Bay , in southwest Wales . It is 640 acres (259.00 hectares) in area.

In Welsh the island is named after St. David ( Dewi Sant ), patron saint of Wales . It was the home of his confessor, St. Justinian . The nearest town, strictly a city , is St David’s .

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Skomer

Skomer ( Welsh : Ynys Sgomer ) is an island off the coast of Pembrokeshire in West Wales. It is best known for its wildlife in the world of Manx shearwaters nest on the island, the Atlantic puffin colony is the largest in southern Britain, and the Skomer flies (a subspecies of the bank flies ) is unique to the island. It is also known for its archeological interest: stone circles , standing stones and remains of prehistoric houses. Skomer is a national nature reserve , a Site of Special Scientific Interest and aSpecial Protection Area . Much of the island has also been designated an ancient monument . It is surrounded by a marine nature reserve and is managed by the Wildlife Trust of South and West Wales . There is now a hostel on the island so you can stay on the boat home.

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Holy Island, Anglesey

Holy Island ( Welsh : Ynys Gybi , ‘the island of (Saint) Cybi ‘) is an island (15.22 sq mi (39.4 km 2 )) on the western side of the larger Isle of Anglesey , Wales , from which it is separated by a narrow, winding channel. It is called “Holy” because of the high concentration of standing stones , burial chambers , and other religious sites on the small island. The alternative and historic name of the island is Holyhead Island . According to the 2011 Census , the population was 13,659, of which 11,431 (84%) lived in the largest town, Holyhead.

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North Uist

North Uist ( Scottish Gaelic : Tuath Uibhist pronounced [ɯ.ɪʃtʲ ə t̪ʰuə] ) is an island and community in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland .

Etymology

In Donald Munro’s A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland Called Hybrid of 1549, North Uist, Benbecula and South Uist are Described as One island of Ywst (Uist). In the south of this island, he described the division between South Uist and Benbecula where the end heirof the sea enters, and cuts the countrey be ebbing and flowing through it. Further north of Benbecula he describes North Uist as “this countrey is called Kenehnache of Ywst, which is in Englishe, the north head of Ywst”. [7]

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South Uist

South Uist ( Scottish Gaelic : Uibhist a Deas ) is the second-largest island of the Outer Hebrides in to date. In the northwest, there is a missile testing range. Its inhabitants are known in Gaelic as Deasaich (Southerners).Scotland. At the 2011 census, it had a usually resident population of 1,754, a fall of 64 since 2001.[8] There is a nature reserve and a number of sites of archaeological interest, including the only location in Great Britain where prehistoric mummies have been found. The population is about 90% Roman Catholic. The island, in common with the rest of the Hebrides, is one of the last remaining strongholds of the Gaelic language in Scotland. In 2006 South Uist, and neighbouring Benbecula and Eriskay, were involved in Scotland’s biggest community land buyout

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Jura, Scotland

Jura ( / dʒ ʊər ə / joor -ə ; Scottish Gaelic : Diùra [tʲuːɾə] ) is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, adjacent to and to the north-east of Islay . Compared with its fertile and more populous neighbor, the Jura is mountainous, bare and infertile, covered largely by large areas of blanket bog , hence its small population. In the list of the islands of Scotland , Jura comes eighth. It is in the Argyll and Bute area .

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Isle of Arran

Arran or the Isle of Arran ( / æ r ən / ; Scottish Gaelic : Eilean Arainn pronounced [elan arɪɲ] ), at 432 square kilometers (167 sq mi), is the Largest island in the Firth of Clyde and the seventh Largest Scottish island. Historically part of Buteshire , it is in the unitary council area of North Ayrshire . In the 2011 census it had a resident population of 4,629. Though culturally and physically similar to the Hebrides , it is separated from the Kintyrepeninsula. It is divided into highland and lowland areas by the Highland Boundary Fault and has been described as a “geologist’s paradise”. [7]

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Mainland, Orkney

The Mainland is the main island of Orkney , Scotland . Both of Orkney’s burghs , Kirkwall and Stromness , lie on the island, which is also the heart of Orkney’s ferry and air connections.

Seventy-five percent of Orkney’s population live on the island, which is more densely populated than the other islands of the archipelago. The lengthy history of the island has many important archaeological sites and the sandstone bedrock provides a platform for fertile farmland. There is an abundance of wildlife, especially seabirds.

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Islay

Islay ( / aɪ the ə / ( listen )  EYE -lə ; Scottish Gaelic : Ìle , pronounced [iːlə] ) is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. Known as “The Queen of the Hebrides “, [7] it lies in Argyll just south of Jura and around 40 kilometers (25 mi) north of the Irish coast. The island’s capital is Bowmore, where the distinctive round Kilroy Parish Church and a distillery are located. [8] Port Ellen is the main port. [9]

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Mull

Mull ( Scottish Gaelic : muilë , pronounced [mulʲə] ) is the second Largest island of the Inner Hebrides (after Skye ), off the west coast of Scotland in the council area of Argyll and Bute .

With an area of ​​875.35 square kilometers (337.97 sq mi) Mull is the fourth largest Scottish island and the fourth largest outside Great Britain (excluding Ireland). In the 2011 census the usual resident population of Mull was 2,800 [2] to a slight increase on the 2001 figure of 2,667; [6] in the summer this is supplemented by many tourists. Much of the population lives in Tobermory , the only burgh on the island until 1973, and its capital.

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Mainland, Shetland

The Mainland is the main island of Shetland , Scotland . The island contains Shetland ‘s only burgh , Lerwick , and is the center of Shetland’ s ferry and air connections.

It has an area of ​​374 square miles (970 km 2 ), making it the third-largest Scottish island and the fifth largest of the British Isles after Great Britain , Ireland , Lewis and Harris and Skye .

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Skye

Skye , or the Isle of Skye ( / s k aɪ / ; Scottish Gaelic : An t-Eilean Sgitheanach gold Eilean a ‘Cheo ) is the Largest and northernmost of the major islands in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland . [Note 1] The island’s peninsulas radiates from a mountainous center dominated by the Cuillins , the rocky slopes of which provide some of the most dramatic mountain scenery in the country. [9] [10] Although it has been suggested that the Gaelic Sgitheanach describes a winged shape there is no definitive agreement to the name of origins.

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Lewis and Harris

Lewis and Harris ( Scottish Gaelic : Leòdhas agus na Hearadh ) is a Scottish island in the Outer Hebrides . It is the largest island in Scotland and the third largest in the British Isles , after Great Britain and Ireland .

Geography

The northern part of the island is called Lewis , the southern is Harris and they are often referred to as if they are separate islands. The boundary between Lewis and Harris is on the island between Loch Resort ( Reasort , opposite Scarp ) and Loch Seaforth ( Shiophoirt ) on the east (north of the more obvious isthmus at Tarbert).

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List of outlying islands of Scotland

The outlying islands of Scotland are not part of the larger archipelagos and island groups of Scotland and are therefore not part of the Hebrides , the Northern Isles or the Islands of the Forth and Clyde estuaries. None of these islands ares currently inhabited And Few of Them Were ever, ALTHOUGH Hirta Was occupied from the Neolithic age up to 1930 and Stroma Was Permanently occupied up to the 1970s and thereafter by lighthouse keepers and Their families up to 1996. [1] [2] Several other outlying islands have lighthouses, none of which are still manned.

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Islands of the Forth

The Islands of the Forth are a group of small islands located in the Firth of Forth and in the estuary of the River Forth on the east coast of Scotland. Most of the group in the open waters of the firth , between the Lothians and Fife , with the majority to the east of the city of Edinburgh . Two islands lie further west in the river estuary.

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Islands of the Clyde

The Islands of the Firth of Clyde are the fifth largest of the Scottish island groups after the Inner and Outer Hebrides , Orkney and Shetland . They are situated in the Firth of Clydebetween Ayrshire and Argyll and Bute . There are about forty islands and skerries , of qui only four are inhabited and only nine larger than 40 hectares (99 acres). [Note 1] The largest and most populous are Arran and Bute , and Great Cumbrae and Holy Isleare also served by dedicated ferry routes. [4] [5] The Scottish archipelagos is another example of this.

The geology and geomorphology of the area is complex and the surrounding sea lochs each have distinctive features. The influence of the Atlantic Ocean and the North Atlantic Driftcreates a mild, damp oceanic climate.

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List of Inner Hebrides

This List of Inner Hebrides is a chain of islands and skerries located on the west coast of mainland Scotland . There are 36 inhabited islands in this archipelago , of which Islay , Mulland Skye are the largest and most populous.

The islands of Scotland are known collectively as Hebrides ; the Inner Hebrides are separated from the Outer Hebrides by The Minch to the north and the Sea of ​​the Hebrides to the south. The Inner Hebrides of Ardnamurchan are governed by two separate local authorities as part of larger territories. The Northern Inner Hebrides, including Skye, the Small Islandsand the Summer Isles , are part of the Highland Unitary Council region. The southern group, including Islay, Jura, the Slate Islands and Gigha are part of the Argyll and Bute council region.

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List of Outer Hebrides

The Outer Hebrides is a chain of more than 100 islands and small skerries located about 70 kilometers (43 mi) west of mainland Scotland . There are 15 uninhabited islands in this archipelago , which are also known as Western Isles and Long Island Archaic ( Scottish Gaelic : An t-Eilean Fada ). [Note 1]

Lewis and Harris is the largest island in Scotland and the third largest in the British Isles , after Great Britain and Ireland. [2] It Incorporates Lewis in the north and Harris in the south, both, of qui are frequently Referred to as individual islands, ALTHOUGH They Are joined by a land border. [Note 2] The largest settlement in Lewis and the Outer Hebrides is Stornoway .

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List of Orkney islands

This is a list of Orkney islands in Scotland . The Orkney archipelago is located 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) north of mainland Scotland and includes over 70 islands and skerries , of which 20 are permanently inhabited. In addition to the Orkney Mainland there are three groups of islands. The North and South Isles is located in Mainland. The Pentland Skerries are a group of small islands in the Pentland Firth , a dangerous stretch of water between mainland Scotland and the larger islands of Orkney, through which the strongest tidal streams in Britain. [1] The Isle of Stromais often mistakenly included with the Orkney Islands, but is part of Caithness .

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List of Shetland islands

This is a list of Shetland islands in Scotland . The Shetland Archipelago is located 100 kilometers (62 mi) north of mainland Scotland and the capital Lerwick is almost equidistant from Bergen in Norway and Aberdeen in Scotland. The Shetland archipelago is about 300 islands and skerries , of which 16 are inhabited. In addition to the Shetland mainland the larger islands are Unst , Yell and Fetlar .

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