The Canary Islands ( / k ə n ɛər i aɪ the ə n d z / ; Spanish : Las Islas Canarias pronounced [izlas kanaɾjas] , locally [iɦlːah kanaːɾjah] ) Also Known As The Canary Islands ( Spanish: Las Canarias ), are an archipelago and autonomous community of Spain Located on the Atlantic Ocean , 100 kilometers (62 miles) west ofMorocco at the closest. The Canaries are among the outermost regions (OMR) of the European Union proper. It est aussi one of the eight regions with special consideration of historical nationality Recognized As Such by the Spanish Government .  
The Tenerife , Fuerteventura , Gran Canaria , Lanzarote , La Palma , La Gomera and El Hierro . The archipelago also includes a number of smaller islands and islets: La Graciosa , Alegranza , Isla de Lobos , Montaña Clara , Roque del Oeste and Roque del Este . In ancient times, the island was often referred to as “Fortunate Isles”.  The Canary Islands are the most southerly region of Spainand the largest populated archipelago of the Macaronesia region. 
The archipelago’s beaches, climate and significant natural attractions, Especially Maspalomas in Gran Canaria and Teide National Park and Mount Teide (a World Heritage Site) in Tenerife (the third tallest volcano in the world Measured from ict base on the ocean floor), make it Major tourist destination with 12 million visitors per year, especially Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote.   The islands have a subtropical climate , with long hot summers and moderately warm winters. The precipitation levels and the level of maritime moderation Green areas and desert on the archipelago. Due to their location above the temperature inversion layer, the high mountains of these islands are ideal for astronomical observation. For this reason, two professional observatories, Teide Observatory on the island of Tenerife and Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma, have been built on the islands.
The capital of the Autonomous Community is shared by the cities of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas ,   qui in turn are the capitals of the provinces of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Province of Las Palmas . Las Palmas de Gran Canaria has been the largest city in the Canaries since 1768, except for a brief period in the 1910s.  Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927 Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands. In 1927, the Canary Islands, as it remains at present.  The third largest city of the Canary Islands is San Cristóbal de La Laguna ( World Heritage Site ) on Tenerife.    This city is also home to the Consejo Consultivo de Canarias , which is the supreme advisory body of the Canary Islands. 
During the time of the Spanish Empire , the Canaries were the main stopover for Spanish galleons on their way to the Americas , which came south to prevailing northeasterly trade winds .