Anglesey

Anglesey ( / æ ŋ . Ɡ ə l . S i / ; Welsh : Ynys Môn [ənɨs MON] ) is an island off the north-west coast of Wales . With an area of ​​276 square miles (715 km 2 ), [1] is the largest island in Wales and the seventh largest in the British Isles . Anglesey is also the largest island in the Irish Sea by area , and the second most populous island (after the Isle of Man ). [2] The population at the2011 census was 69,751. [3] Two bridges span the Menai Strait , connecting to the mainland: the Menai Suspension Bridge , designed by Thomas Telford in 1826, and the Britannia Bridge .

A historic county of Wales and later administrated as part of Gwynedd , Anglesey today makes up the Isle of Anglesey County along with Holy Island and other smaller islands. [4]The majority of Anglesey’s inhabitants are Welsh speakers [5] and Ynys Mon, the Welsh name for the island, is used for the UK Parliament and National Assembly constituencies.

Name

“Anglesey” is derived from Old Norse , originally Ǫngullsey “Hook Island” [6] or Ǫnglisey “Ǫngli’s Island”. [6] [7] No record of such an survngli survives, [8] but the purpose was used in the Viking raiders as early as the 10th century and was later adopted by the Normans during their invasions of Gwynedd . [9] The traditional folk etymology reading the name as the “Island of the Angles (English)” [10] [11] May account for ict Norman wears purpose Has No merit, [7] ALTHOUGH theAngles’ name is probably a cognate reference to the shape of the Angeln peninsula. All of These Ultimately derived from the Proposed Proto-Indo-European root * ank- ( “to flex, bend angle”). [12] Through the 18th and 19th centuries and into the 20th, it was usually spelt Anglesea in documents. [10]

Ynys Mon , the island’s Welsh name, was first recorded as Latin Mona by various Roman sources. [13] [14] [15] It was known to the Saxons as Monez . [16] The original Brittonic was in the past taken to mean “Island of the Cow”. [10] [17] This view is untenable, however, according to modern scientific philology, and the etymology remains a mystery.

Poetic names for Anglesey include the Old Welsh Ynys Dywyll (“Shady” or “Dark Isle”) for its train groves and Ynys and Cedairn (“Isle of the Brave”) for its royal courts; [11] Gerald of Wales ‘ Mon Mam Cymru (“Mon, Mother of Wales”) for its productivity; [11] and Y Ynys FEL ( “Honey Island”).

History

Numerous megalithic monuments and menhirs are present on Anglesey, testifying to the presence of humans in prehistory . Plas Newydd is near one of 28 cromlechs that remain on uplands overlooking the sea. The Welsh Triads claim that Anglesey was once part of the mainland. [10]

Historically, Anglesey has long been associated with druids . In AD 60 the Roman general Gaius Suetonius Paulinus , Determined to break the power of the druids, attacked This is the island using amphibious His Batavian contingent as a surprise vanguard assault [18] And Then destroying the shrine and the nemetons ( sacred groves ). News of Boudica’s revolt reached him just after his victory. The island was finally brought to the Roman Empire by Gnaeus Julius Agricola , the Roman governorof Britain, in AD 78. During the Roman occupation, the area was notable for the mining of copper . The foundations of Caer Gybi and the Holyhead are Roman, and the present road from Holyhead to Llanfairpwllgwyngyll was originally a Roman road . [19]The island was grouped by Ptolemy with Ireland (” Hibernia “) rather than with Britain (” Albion “). [20]

British Iron Age and Roman sites, especially by the 19th century antiquarian , William Owen Stanley . [21] Following the Roman departure from Britain in the early 5th century, pirates from Ireland colonized Anglesey and the nearby Llŷn Peninsula . In response to this, Cunedda ap Edern , a Gododdin warlord from Scotland , came to the area and began to drive the Irish out. This was continued by his Einion Yrth ap Cunedda and grandson Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion; The last Irish invaders were finally defeated in 470. As an island, Anglesey was in a good defensive position, and so Aberffraw became the site of the court, or Llys , of the Kingdom of Gwynedd . Apart from a devastating Danish raid in 853 it remained the capital until the 13th century, when improvements to the English navy made the rental indefensible. Anglesey was also briefly the most southern possession of the Norwegian Empire .

After the Irish, the island Was Invaded by Vikings – some of These raids Were Noted in famous sagas (see Menai Strait History ) – and by the Saxons , and Normans , before falling to Edward I of England in the 13th century.

See also: List of Scheduled Monuments in Anglesey

Geography

Anglesey is a relatively low-lying island, with low hills evenly over the north of the island. The highest six are: Holyhead Mountain (220 meters (720 ft)); Mynydd Bodafon (178 meters (584 ft)); Mynydd Llaneilian (177 meters (581 ft)); Mynydd y Garn (170 meters (560 ft)); Bwrdd Arthur (164 meters (538 ft)) and Mynydd Llwydiarth (158 meters (518 ft)). To the south and south-east of the Welsh mainland by the Menai Strait , which at its narrowest point is about 250 meters (270 yd) wide. In all other directions the island is surrounded by the Irish Sea . It is the 51st largest islandin Europe, and is roughly the same size as Singapore .

There are several small towns scattered around the island, making it quite evenly populated. The largest are Holyhead , Llangefni , Benllech , Menai Bridge , and Amlwch . Beaumaris(Welsh: Biwmares ), features Beaumaris Castle , built by Edward I as part of his Bastide Town campaign in North Wales . Beaumaris is a yachting center, with many boats in the bay or off Gallows Point. The village of Newborough (Welsh: NiwbwrchIn the south, the townsfolk of Llanfaes were relocated to make way for the building of Beaumaris Castle, including the site of Llys Rhosyr , another of the courts of the medieval Welsh princes, which features one of the oldest courtrooms in the United Kingdom. Llangefni is located in the center and is the island’s administrative center.

The town of Menai Bridge (Welsh: Porthaethwy , in the south-east). Until then, Porthaethwy had been one of the main ferry crossing points from the mainland. A short distance from this town lies Bryn Celli Ddu , a Stone Age burial mound.

Also nearby is the village with the longest place name in the purported United Kingdom , Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch . Nearby is Plas Newydd , ancestral home of the Marquesses of Anglesey . The town of Amlwch is located in the north-east of the island and was largely industrialized, having grown during the 18th century by supporting an important copper- mining industry at Parys Mountain .

include Cemaes , Pentraeth , Gaerwen , Dwyran , Bodedern , Malltraeth and Rhosneigr . The Anglesey Sea Zoo is a local tourist attraction, providing a descriptive look at local marine wildlife from common lobsters to congers . All the fish and crustaceans are on display in the reconstructions of their natural habitat . The Anglesey Sea Zoo also breed commercially lobsters, for food, and oysters, for pearls, both from local stocks. Sea salt (Halen Môn, evaporated from the local sea water), now produced in a modern facility, was formally produced at the Sea Zoo site.

The island’s Entire rural coastline has-been designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and features Many sandy beaches, Especially along icts eastern coast entre les towns of Beaumaris and Amlwch and along the western coast from Ynys Llanddwyn through Rhosneigr to the little bays around Carmel Head. The northern coastline has dramatic cliffs interspersed with small bays.

The Anglesey Coastal Path is a 200-kilometer (124 mi) path [22] which follows nearly the entire coastline. Tourism is now the most significant economic activity on the island. Agriculture provides the secondary source of income for the island’s economy, with the local dairies being among the most productive in the region.

Industry and energy

Major industry is restricted to Holyhead (Caergybi), which until 30 September 2009 supported an aluminum smelter , and the Amlwch area, a major copper mining town. Nearby is the site of the Wylfa Nuclear Power Station and a train bromine extraction plant. With construction starting in 1963, the two Wylfa reactors began producing electricity in 1971. One reactor was decommissioned in 2012 and the other in 2015. The site remains a strong possibility for a replacement reactor, planned by Horizon , a subsidiary of Hitachi , to start production in the 2020s. [23]The replacement has been enthusiastically endorsed by the Anglesey Council and Welsh Assembly members, but they have raised the issue of the economic and safety claims made for the plant. [24]

Anglesey also has wind turbines on land, [25] and more than twenty offshore wind turbines near the north coast. There are plans for the world’s first Tidal Flow turbines, near The Skerries , off the north coast, [26] and for a major biomass plant on Holy Island (Ynys Gybi). Developing such low-carbon energy assets to their full potential forms part of the Anglesey Energy Island project. [27]

When the aluminum smelting operation closed in September 2009, it reduced its workforce from 450 to 80; This has been a major blow to the island’s economy, especially to Holyhead. The Royal Air Force RAF Valley Station (Y Fali) is home to the RAF Fast Jet Training School and also provides 22 vacancies for 500 civilians. RAF Valley is now the headquarters of 22 Sqn Search and Rescue.

There is a wide range of smaller industries, mostly located in industrial and business parks, especially at Llangefni and Gaerwen . These include a slaughterhouse and fine chemical manufacturing, as well as factories for timber production, aluminum smelting, fish farming and food processing. citation needed ] The island is also on one of the major routes from Britain to Ireland , via ferries from Holyhead , off the west of Anglesey on Holy Island, serving Dun Laoghaire and DublinPort.

Rivers, lakes and climate

There are a few natural lakes, mostly in the west, such as Llyn Llywenan , the largest on the island, Llyn Coron, and Cors Cerrig y Daran, but rivers are few and small. There are two large water supply reservoirs operated by Welsh Water . These are Llyn Alaw to the north of the island and Cefni Cefni in the center of the island, which is fed by the headwaters of afon Cefni .

The climate is humid (though much less than neighboring mountainous Gwynedd ) and generally equable, being influenced by the Gulf Stream . The land is likely to be much more fertile in the past. Anglesey is the home of the northernmost olive grove in Europe and presumably in the world. [28]

See the list of places in Anglesey for all villages, towns and cities .
See the List of Anglesey towns by population .

Ecology and conservation

Much of Anglesey is used for intensive livestock and sheep farming. However, there are a number of important wetland sites which have protected status. In addition to the several lakes of their interest, their support for a wide range of aquatic and semi-aquatic bird species. In the west, the Malltraeth Marshes are believed to support an occasional visiting bittern , and the nearby estuary of the Afon Cefni supports a bird made by Charles Tunnicliffe , who lived for many years – and died – at Malltraeth on the Cefni estuary. The RAF airstrip at Mona is a nesting site forskylarks . The sheer cliff faces at South Stack near Holyhead provide nesting sites for large numbers of auksincluding puffins , razorbills and guillemots together with choughs and peregrine falcons .

Three sites on Anglesey are important for breeding terns – see Anglesey tern colonies . There are significant occurrences of the Juncus subnodulosus – Cirsium palustre fen-meadow plant association , a habitat characterized by certain hydrophilic fats, sedges and forbs. [29] Anglesey is home to several species of tern, including the roseate tern .

Anglesey is home to two of the remaining colonies of red squirrels , at Pentraeth and Newborough . [30]

An Area of ​​Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) to protect the aesthetic appeal and variety of the island’s coastal landscape and habitats from inappropriate development. The coastal zone of England was designated as an AONB in ​​1966 and was confirmed as such in 1967. citation needed ]

The AONB is predominantly a coastal designation, covering most of Anglesey’s 125 miles (201 km) coastline but encompasses Holyhead Mountain and Mynydd Bodafon. Substantial areas of other land protected by the AONB form the backdrop to the coast. The AONB is about 221 km 2 (85 sq mi) and it is the largest AONB in ​​Wales, covering one third of the island.

A number of the habitats in Anglesey are afforded even greater protection by both UK and European designations because of their nature conservation value: these include:

6 Special Areas of Conservation (cSACs) 4 Special Protection Areas (SPAs) 1 National Nature Reserve 26 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) 52 Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs)

These protected habitats support a variety of wildlife such as harbor porpoises and marsh fritillary .

The AONB also has undeveloped coastline which have been designated as Heritage Coast. These non-statutory designations complement the AONB and cover about 31 miles (50 km) of the coastline. The sections of Heritage Coast are:

  1. North Anglesey 28.6 km (17.8 mi)
  2. Holyhead Mountain 12.9 km (8.0 mi)
  3. Aberffraw Bay 7.7 km (4.8 mi)

A living and working landscape

Employment on Anglesey is mainly based on agriculture and tourism. In a number of instances the local produce is also organic.

The most popular forms of recreation include sailing, angling, cycling, walking, wind surfing and jet skiing. These all places pressures and demands on the AONB ; but these activities contribute to the local economy. [31]

Culture

  • Anglesey hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1957, 1983, 1999, and 2017.
  • The island is a member of the International Island Games Association . Its most successful Games were the 1997 Island Games held on Jersey , (11th in the medals table, with two gold, three silver and nine bronze medals) and the 2005 Island Games on the Shetland Islands , (again 11th, with 4 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze).
  • The annual Anglesey Show is held on the second Tuesday and Wednesday of August: farmers from around the world compete in livestock rearing contests including sheep and cattle.
  • Anglesey HAS featured in the Channel 4 archaeological television program Time Team (series 14) – episode transmission dated 4 February 2007.
  • Anglesey is home to Gottwood, an electronic music and arts festival held at the Carreglwyd estate.

Welsh language

Anglesey has historically been a stronghold of the Welsh language , and according to the 2011 census it was the second most welsh-speaking local authority area in Wales. The historical proportions of residents who speak Welsh are as follows:

  • 1901: 90.7% [32]
  • 1911: 88.7% [32]
  • 1921: 87.8%
  • 1931: 87.4%
  • 1951: 80% [33]
  • 1961: 75%
  • 1971: 66%
  • 1981: 61%
  • 1991: 62%
  • 2001: 60%
  • 2011: 57%

Today, Welsh is still widely used in the area, particularly in the center, including the town of Llangefni , and some areas of the south coast. A notable example is the village of Llanfairpwll . The Welsh: Welsh-speaking homes, Welsh-speaking homes

  • Ysgol David Hughes (in Menai Bridge ): 33% come from Welsh-speaking homes; 90% “can speak Welsh.” [34]
  • Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni (in Llangefni ): 68% of pupils speak Welsh as their first language ; 87% of pupils take their exams through the medium of Welsh.
  • Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones (in Amlwch ): 34% of pupils come from Welsh-speaking homes; 82% sit the Welsh First Language General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE).
  • Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern (in Bodedern ): 67% of pupils come from Welsh-speaking homes; “a majority” speak Welsh fluently. [35]
  • Ysgol Uwchradd Caergybi (in Holyhead ): Welsh at home; 11% are taught the “Welsh First Language” curriculum.

Geology

The geology of Anglesey is much more complex and frequently used for geology field trips by schools and colleges. Younger strata in Anglesey rest upon a foundation of very old Precambrian rocks citation needed ] That APPEAR at the area in four areas:

  1. a western region including Holyhead and Llanfaethlu [10]
  2. a central area about Aberffraw and Trefdraeth [10]
  3. an eastern area qui includes Newborough , [10] Gaerwen and Pentraeth
  4. a coastal region at Glyn Garth between Menai Bridge and Beaumaris [10]

These Precambrian rocks are schists and phyllites , often much contorted and disturbed. The general line of strike of the formations in the island is from north-east to south-west. [10] A belt of granitic rocks lies immediately north-west of the central Precambrian mass, reaching from Llanfaelog near the coast to the vicinity of Llanerchymedd . Between this granite and the Precambrian of Holyhead is a narrow tract of Ordovician slates and grits with Llandovery beds in places; This leaflet spreads in the north of the island between Dulas Bay and Carmel Point. quote needed ]A small patch of Ordovician strata on the northern side of Beaumaris. In parts, these Ordovician rocks are much folded, crushed and metamorphosed, and they are associated with schists and altered volcanic rocks which are probably Precambrian. Between the eastern and central Precambrian masses Carboniferous rocks are found. The Carboniferous Limestone occupies a broad area south of Lligwy Bay and Pentraeth , and sends a narrow spur in a south-westerly direction by Llangefni to Malltraeth Sands . The limestone is underlain on the north-west by a red base conglomerate and yellow sandstone (sometimes considered to be of Old Red Sandstoneage). Limestone occurs again on the north coast around Llanfihangel and Llangoed ; and in the south-west round Llanidan near the Menai Strait . Puffin Island is made of carboniferous limestone. Malltraeth marsh is occupied by Coal Measures, and a small patch of the same formation appears near Tal-y-foel Ferry on the Menai Strait . A patch of rhyolitic / felsic rocks form Parys Mountain , where copper and iron ocher have been worked. Serpentine (Mona Marble) is found near Llanfair-yn-Neubwll and on the opposite shore in Holyhead . [10]

Under the name GeoMon , and in recognition of its extraordinary geological heritage, the European Geoparks Network in spring 2009. [36] and the Global Geoparks Network in September 2010.

Other places of interest

  • Rhosneigr , for its beach, boating launch and surfing facilities.
  • The Skerries Lighthouse which can be found at the end of a low piece of submerged land, north-east of Holyhead
  • The working windmill at Llanddeusant
  • Ynys Llanddwyn – Lovers’ island
  • The sea zoo near Dwyran
  • The church in the sea on Cribinau
  • The Anglesey Motor Racing Circuit
  • Stone Science, [37] near Pentraeth – a journey through 650 million years.
  • King Arthur’s seat near Beaumaris
  • Penmon Priory and dovecote
  • The town and castle of Beaumaris
  • Red Wharf Bay , Benllech , Llanddona and many other beaches
  • Cemlyn Bay for its ternary
  • Elin’s Tower (Twr Elin) RSPB and South Stack (Ynys Lawd) near Holyhead
  • Moelfre , the fishing village
  • Malltraeth , noted center for bird life and wildlife artist Charles Tunnicliffe
  • Swtan Longhouse, owned by the National Trust and managed by the local community of Porth Swtan

Notable people

Born in Anglesey

  • Tony Adams – actor (Anglesey, 1940)
  • Stu Allan – radio and club DJ
  • John C. Clarke – politician
  • Grace Coddington – creative director for US Vogue , born 1941
  • Charles Allen Duval – artist and writer (Beaumaris, 1810)
  • Dawn French – Actress, Writer, Comedian (Holyhead, 1957)
  • Huw Garmon – actor (Anglesey, 1966)
  • Hugh Griffith – Oscar-winning actor (Marianglas, 1912)
  • Meinir Gwilym – singer and songwriter (Llangristiolus, 1983)
  • Owain Gwynedd – Prince (Anglesey, c.1100)
  • Hywel Gwynfryn – radio and TV personality (Llangefni, 1942)
  • John Jones – amateur astronomer (Bryngwyn Bach, Dwyran 1818 – Bangor 1898); aka Ioan Bryngwyn Bach and Y Seryddwr
  • William Jones – Mathematician (Llanfihangel Tre’r Beirdd, 1675)
  • Glenys Kinnock – politician (Holyhead, 1944)
  • Julian Lewis Jones – Karl Morris portrays on the Sky 1 comedy Stella
  • John Morris-Jones – Welsh grammarian and poet (Llandrygarn, 1864)
  • Edward Owen – 18th Century Artistic Life in London’s art scene
  • Goronwy Owen – Poet ( Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf , 1723)
  • Osian Roberts – football player and manager association ( Bodffordd )
  • Hugh Owen Thomas – orthopedic pioneering surgeon (1833)
  • Owen Tudor – grandfather of Henry VII (Henry Tudor), who married the widow of Henry V to give the Tudor dynasty a claim on the English throne
  • Sir Kyffin Williams RA – landscape painter (Anglesey, 1918-2006)
  • Andy Whitfield – actor (Amlwch, 1971-2011)
  • Gareth Williams , employee of Britain`s GCHQ signals intelligence agency

Lived in Anglesey

  • Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fon) – preacher
  • Henry Austin Dobson – poet and essayist (Plymouth, Devon 1840)
  • Gareth Glyn – composer and broadcaster (has lived on Anglesey since 1978)
  • Wayne Hennessey – footballer – currently goalkeeper with Crystal Palace and Wales (Bangor, 1987)
  • Aled Jones – Singer and Television Presenter (Bangor, 1970)
  • Ian “Lemmy” Kilmister – heavy metal bass player and singer (Stoke-on-Trent, 1945)
  • The Marquesses of Anglesey – noble family from Plas Newydd , Llanfairpwll
  • Matthew Maynard – Cricketer (Oldham, Lancashire 1966)
  • George North – Wales international rugby union (Born King ‘s Lynn, 1992, family moved to Anglesey in his early childhood)
  • Gruff Rhys – Musician best known for being the leadman of Super Furry Animals grew up in Rachub, near Bethesda (Haverfordwest, 18 July 1970)
  • Iain Duncan Smith , Leader of the Conservative Party 2001-2003, attended HMS Conway Ship School Plas Newydd, Llanfairpwll, 1968-1972
  • Charles Tunnicliffe – Wildlife Artist (Langley, Macclesfield, 1901)
  • Naomi Watts – Oscar -nominated actress (Kent, 1968)
  • Rex Whistler – artist (Eltham, Kent 1905)
  • Maurice Wilks – father of the Land Rover, who was tested driven on Newborough and Llanddona beach
  • Prince William, Duke of Cambridge – Grandson of Queen Elizabeth II , and his wife Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (2010-13)
  • Sir Clive Woodward – Rugby Union Player and England / British Lions coach, attended HMS Conway Ship School Plas Newydd, Llanfairpwll, 1969-1974

Government

Anglesey (together with Holy Island) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales . In medieval times, before the conquest of Wales in 1283, Môn often had periods of temporary independence, and was frequently subdued to the heirs of kings as a sub-kingdom of Gwynedd . The last times this was a few years after 1171 following the death of Owain Gwynedd when the island was inherited by Rhodriab Owain Gwynedd and again between 1246 and c. 1255 when it was given to Owain Goch as his share of the kingdom. Following the conquest of Wales by Edward I was created by the Statute of Rhuddlanof 1284. Prior to this it had been divided into the cantrefi of:

  • Aberffraw
  • Rhosyr
  • Cemaes

In 1974 it formed a district of the new large county of Gwynedd , until in the 1996 reform of local government it was restored as a local government county. The county council is a unitary authority and is named “Isle of Anglesey County Council” ( Welsh : Cyngor Sir Ynys Môn ). In 2011, the Welsh Government appointed a panel of commissioners to administer the council, thus the elected members were not in control. The commissioners remained in control until an electionwas held in May 2013, restoring an elected Council. Prior to the direct administration, there have been a majority of independent councillors, but members have not divide along party lines, they are organized into non-partisan groups on the council, containing a mix of party and independent candidates. The position remains largely unchanged after the election, but the Labor Party has formed a governing coalition with the independents.

Schools

Main article: List of schools in Anglesey

Secondary schools:

  • Ysgol David Hughes , Menai Bridge
  • Ysgol Gyfun Llangefni , Llangefni
  • Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones , Amlwch
  • Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern , Bodedern
  • Ysgol Uwchradd Caergybi , Holyhead

There are also 50 primary schools in Anglesey, all of which are co-educational day schools. [38]

Transport

By road, Anglesey is linked from Holyhead to the mainland by the A55 qui lead to Chester . Also the A5 runs from the east of the island ( Llanfairpwllgwyngyll ) to Bangor and St Albans via the Menai Bridge . The A5025 , which runs around the northern edge of Anglesey, and the A4080 , running around the southern edge, form a ring around the island.

There are six railway stations in Anglesey: Holyhead , Valley , Rhosneigr , Ty Croes , Bodorgan and Llanfairpwll . All are on the North Wales Coast Line and services are operated by Virgin Trains to London Euston , and by Arriva Trains Wales to Chester , Manchester Piccadilly , Birmingham New Street and Cardiff Central . Historically the island was also served by the Central Anglesey Railway which ran from Gaerwen to Amlwch, and the Red Wharf Bay branch line between the Holland Arms and Red Wharf Railway station .

By air, Anglesey Airport has a double-daily scheduled service to Cardiff International Airport where connections worldwide can be made.

Holyhead Port is a busy ferry port handling more than 2 million passengers each year. Stena Line and Irish Ferries sail to Dublin and Dun Laoghaire in Ireland , forming the main link for surface transportation from central and northern England and Wales to Ireland .

Sport and leisure

Anglesey is independently represented in the Island Games (under its Welsh name Ynys Môn ). The team finished 17th in the 2009 Games hosted by Åland , [39] winning medals in gymnastics , sailing and shooting . [40]

Anglesey made an unsuccessful bid to host the 2009 games, led by Ynys Mon MP Albert Owen . The island is expected to benefit from more than 3m of spending. However, there is a lack of adequate facilities for a successful bid, a six-lane competition swimming pool and an athletics track. [41]

Several precursors to the modern football codes were highly popular in Anglesey. They had few rules, and were quite violent. Rhys Cox, at the turn of the 18th century, described in a game in Llandrygan as ending with “[n] umbers of players … left here and there on the road, some having limbs broken in the fight, others severely injured,” Some of the dead ones have been killed in the church. William Bulkeley, in his April 1734 diary, records that the violence of such games left no hard feelings, with both sides parting “as good friends as they came, after they had spent half an hour together cherishing their spirits with a cup of ale. .. having finished Easter Holydays innocently and merrily. ” [42]

Football Association

Football arrived on the island in the 1870s. It was initially met with resistance, given its perceived (by the islanders) associations with drunkenness and rowdiness, and the lower classes. One critic dismissed it as “a Christian practice”. The Anglesey League, comprising teams from Amlwch , Beaumaris , Holyhead , Menai Bridge , Llandegfan , and Llangefni , was, however, formed in the 1895-96 football season. [43]

The Ynys Môn football team represents the island of Anglesey at the biannual Island Games, winning gold in 1999.

Llangefni Town are reigning Cymru Alliance champions, only failing promotion due to the restructuring of the Welsh Premier League . Similarly, the Holyhead Hotspur and Llanfairpwll were relegated to the outside of the usual relegation zone at the end of the 2009-10 season.

Rugby Union

Llangefni RFC is the island’s highest competing team in the WRU Division One North .

Llangoed hosts an annual rugby sevens contest. Touring sides have included Manhattan RFC.

Anglesey Hunt

The Anglesey Hunt, formed in 1757, was the second oldest fox hunting association in Wales (the oldest being the Tivyside Hunt in Cardiganshire). [44]

Athletics

Every September the Anglesey Festival of Running takes place. There is a marathon, half marathon, 10 km and 5 km race, as well as children’s contests. Their slogan is Run the Island .

Motorsport

The Anglesey Circuit (Welsh: Trac Môn) is a fully licensed MSA and ACU championship racing circuit, it opened in 1997.

Cricket

The Beaumaris Cricket Club was formed in 1858. Clubs at Holyhead , Amlwch , and Llangefni were formed within the following decade, but it was not until the 1880s that the sport became popular outside the upper classes. Bodedern Cricket Club was formed in 1947 [43]

Sailing

The Royal Anglesey Yacht Club hosts the Menai Strait Regatta yearly.

Swimming

The Menai Strait hosts two annual open-water swimming contests: the Menai Strait Swim from Foel to Caernarfon (1 mile), and the Pier to Pier Open Water Swim, between Beaumaris and Garth Pier , Bangor.

Walking

The Anglesey Coastal Path , which is 200 km long, takes roughly 12 days to complete, and passes by / through 20 towns / villages. The official start point is Cybi’s Church, Holyhead . [45]

See also

  • HMS Anglesea , four ships of the Royal Navy .
  • List of Lord Lieutenants of Anglesey
  • Custos Rotulorum of Anglesey
  • List of Sheriffs of Anglesey
  • Ynys Môn (UK Parliament constituency)
  • Ynys Môn (Assembly Constituency)
  • List of islands of Wales – around Anglesey
  • Cestyll Garden

Notes

  1. Jump up^ “Anglesey Nature introduction” . Retrieved 2 February 2015 .
  2. Jump up^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea . Eds P. Saundry and C. Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth . National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  3. Jump up^ “Local Authority population 2011” . Retrieved 18 May 2015 .
  4. Jump up^ The National Archives of the United Kingdom. Local Government (Wales) Act 1994,Schedule 1: The New Principal Areas. Accessed 6 February 2013.
  5. Jump up^ “Background Paper 10B: Anglesey Language Profile” (PDF) . Gwynedd Council website. February 2015 . Retrieved 28 October 2016 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:b Lena Peterson, et al. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon (Dictionary of Names from Runic Inscriptions), p. 116, May 2001. Accessed 6 June 2012.
  7. ^ Jump up to:b Room, Adrian. Placenames of the World , p. 30. McFarland, 2003. Accessed 6 February 2013.
  8. Jump up^ Warren KovachAnglesey, Wales. 19 October 2012.
  9. Jump up^ Davies, John. A History of Wales, pp. 98-99.
  10. ^ Jump up to:b c d e f g h i j Chisholm 1911, pp. 17–18.
  11. ^ Jump up to:c The London Encyclopaedia . ” Anglesey “. Tegg (London), 1839. Accessed 6 February 2013.
  12. Jump up^ University of Texas at Austin’s Linguistics Research Center. “Proto-Indo-European Etyma 9.14 ArchivedMarch 8, 2014, at theWayback Machine.: Physical Acts & Materials: To Bend”. 17 May 2011. Accessed 6 February 2013.
  13. Jump up^ Tacitus. Annals ,XIV.29. and Agricola ,XIV.14&18. Accessed 6 April 2013.
  14. Jump up^ Pliny. Natural History ,IV.30. Accessed 6 April 2013.
  15. Jump up^ Cassius Dio. Roman History ,62.
  16. Jump up^ The Present State of the British Empire in Europe, America, Africa, and Asia. “Wales, Anglesea”. Griffith (London), 1768.
  17. Jump up^ Davies, Edward. The Mythology and Rites of the British Druids , p. 177. Booth (London), 1809. Accessed 6 February 2013.
  18. Jump up^ Tacitus Agricola 18.3-5
  19. Jump up^ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information . Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 18.
  20. Jump up^ Ptolemy , Geog. , Bk. 2, Ch. 1 & 2
  21. Jump up^ Stanley,Anglesey, 1871 And Many Celtic contributions Especially one Celtic subjects, toArchaeologia Cambrensis .
  22. Jump up^ “40 years of outstanding natural beauty” . Welsh Government . 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2006 . Retrieved 2013-05-09 .
  23. Jump up^ Damian Carrington. “Renewables industry welcomes fresh subsidies for onshore windfarms” . the Guardian . Retrieved 2 February 2015 .
  24. Jump up^ Anglesey protests over new nuclear power plantBBC News, 30 March 2014
  25. Jump up^ Anglesey Today: Energyaccessed 15 April 2014
  26. Jump up^ SeaGen Walesaccessed 15 April 2014
  27. Jump up^ Energy Island Program, accessed 15 April 2014
  28. Jump up^ “First Welsh Olive Grove Planted on Anglesey” . WalesOnline . April 30, 2007 . Retrieved 2013-05-09 .
  29. Jump up^ * C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Marsh Thistle: Cirsium palustre , GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Strömberg Archived2012-12-13 at theWayback Machine.
  30. Jump up^ “Home – Squirrels Map” . Squirrels Map . Retrieved 2 February 2015 .
  31. Jump up^ “Your Page Title” . Retrieved 2 February 2015 .
  32. ^ Jump up to:b Language in Wales, 1911 (official census report), Table I.
  33. Jump up^ Language and Culture – Gwynedd Council report
  34. Jump up^ Ten Bi-Lingual Schools
  35. Jump up^ “Ysgol Uwchradd Bodedern Estyn Report 2014” (PDF). Estyn. Retrieved 28 October2016.
  36. Jump up^ “GeoMôn – Anglesey Geopark” . Retrieved 2 February 2015 .
  37. Jump up^ Pterosaur.co.uk ArchivedAugust 30, 2007, at theWayback Machine.
  38. Jump up^ Isle of Anglesey County Council, Anglesey Serving ArchivedMay 24, 2011, at theWayback Machine.
  39. Jump up^ “Island Games NatWest XIII – Medal Table” . Retrieved 28 August 2010 .
  40. Jump up^ “NatWest Island XIII Games – Ynys Mon Medal Winners” . Retrieved 28 August 2010 .
  41. Jump up^ Clark, Rhodri. “Out of the running for island ‘Olympics ‘ ” . Western Mail . Retrieved 30 August 2010 .
  42. Jump up^ ETBRS (2005b).
  43. ^ Jump up to:b Pretty (2005) .
  44. Jump up^ ETBRS (2005a).
  45. Jump up^ http://www.visitanglesey.co.uk/about-anglesey/isle-of-anglesey-coastal-path/

Leave a Comment